spring 2007


English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
home
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

To the Dutch website / Naar de Nederlandse website.Nederlands / Dutch

                                                                                    Spring from 2007                           

On the first spring page Iíve made a general description. On this page I want to describe and photograph a number of Spring flowering plants more extensive.

Snowdrop. (Galanthus nivalis)  

Snowdrop. (Galanthus nivalis)  Snowdrop. (Galanthus nivalis)  Snowdrop. (Galanthus nivalis)  Sneeuwklokje. (Galanthus nivalis)

Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae).  

B
ulbous plant. Bloom time: End winter, beginning spring. The snowdrop is native to southeast Europe. They love fertile soil  and you can find them in deciduous forests.
Did you know, in the wild there is in Holland a
Spring Snowflake (Leucojum vernum) and Summer Snowflake (Leucojum aestivum? The Summer Snowflake (bloom time: April, May) grows in swampy grassland and reed beds. The Spring Snowflake has been protected in the Netherlands, so it is rare.
Giant Snowflake, Summer Snowflake (Leucojum Gravetye Giant)    Giant Snowflake, Summer Snowflake (Leucojum Gravetye Giant) Giant Snowflake, Summer Snowflake (Leucojum Gravetye Giant). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae).   Despite its common name, summer snowflake blooms in March, May.
In 2007 I bought some bulbs. The Giant Snowflake is larger and more robust than a snowdrop. This snowflake bears up to eight white, green tipped bells. Height: 30 - 50 cm. Rich, moist but well-drained soil. Native to South West Asia.

 
Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus cyclamineus 'TÍte ŗ tÍte'). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). †† Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus cyclamineus 'TÍte ŗ tÍte'). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). †† Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus cyclamineus 'TÍte ŗ tÍte'). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). †† Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus cyclamineus 'TÍte ŗ tÍte'). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). †† Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus major). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). †† Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus major). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). ††  Trumpet daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus major). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). ††

Trumpet daffodil ( Narcissus cyclamineus TÍte ŗ tÍte) and (Narcissus pseudonarcissus major). Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae).   
The Trumpet daffodil is a bulbous plant. Nowadays there are many cultivars. The daffodil  blooms a little later, than the snowdrop. During flowering they love, fertile wet soil. After flowering, when the leaves are withered, the soil has to be rather dry. Bloom time III- IV.
First photo: Narcissus cyclamineus ' TÍte ŗ tÍte'. A small species. Height 10 - 20 cm. I always buy some for our house. When they have bloomed, they go into the garden. Here they bloom again next year. Narcissus cyclamineus is native to northwestern Portugal and Spain.
Last photos: Narcissus pseudonarcissus subspecie major. These are originally from southwestern Europe.
Narcissus pseudonarcissus subspecie pseudonarcissus: In the east and south of the Netherlands in damp grasslands and river valleys, but they are very rare now. Usually you find escaped gardenplants.


Crocus. Iris family (Iridaceae).† Crocus. Iris family (Iridaceae).†  Crocus. Iris family (Iridaceae).†  Crocus. Iris family (Iridaceae).†

Crocus. Iris family (Iridaceae). 

The plants grow from corms. Corms are stems that are internally structured with solid tissues. (Bulbs are made up of layered fleshy scales.) Native to central and southern Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and western China. There are many species and cultivars. Crocus is placed botanically in the iris family (Iridaceae). Some crocus species bloom in autumn (autumn crocus) 
Most crocus species prefer a sunny position and well-drained soil.
They reseed themselves freely. The crocus seed pods come above ground  in June. The seedlings grow very slowly, however and will not bloom for several years.

 

Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis). Buttercup family, crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae). †

Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis). Buttercup family, crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae).  

A tuberous plant. This photograph is from February 2006 They bloom earlier than the snowdrops. The bloom time is short. I was too late this year with the camera. They donít like too dry soil. They reseed themselves. In South-France and Italy they are found in wild. 

Pilewort (Ficaria verna). Buttercup family, crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae).   I have also a picture of a family member. Itís a wild plant, which appears in March. Because of the many dark green horseshoe-shaped leaves it is for other plants difficult to grow. In June it has disappeared. It spreads itself by self-seeding and by bulbils.

Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis). Buttercup family, crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae). †   Winter Aconite (Eranthis hyemalis). Buttercup family, crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae). †   Pilewort (Ficaria verna). Buttercup family, crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae). †

 

Hellebore, (Helleborus)      Hellebore, (Helleborus)
Hellebore, (Helleborus). Buttercup family or crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae).
  

The powder of the roots cause sneezing. The plant is poisonous. 
Flowers : January - April.  The plants are evergreen perennials and  have shiny, dark green leathery leaves. Heigth: 20 - 30 cm. Partial shade.
Rich, well-drained soil. Replanting is difficult.
Christmas Rose: Helleborus Niger has white flowers (Later light pink or greenish) and a black rootstock.  Native to mountainous regions, particularly in the Alps and the Apennines. Despite being called the Christmas rose, it flowers  later (January, Febrary) in the Dutch gardens.
Lenten Rose: Helleborus orientalis. There are many hybrids . Flowers from pink to black. Lenten roses are the easiest Hellebores to grow. Narive: From Bulgaria to Turkey.

 

Cyclamen coum. Family†Primulaceae. Cyclamen coum. Family†Primulaceae.                    Cyclamen coum. Family†Primulaceae. Photo March 2010. There are much more plants now.
Cyclamen coum. Family Primulaceae.

A tuberous plant. It already starts blooming in January. This continues up to April. It has instead of autumn flowering cyclamen round dark green rounded leaves. They love humus-rich calcareous / lime soil.

 

Sweet violet (Viola odorato). Family Violaceae. Sweet violet (Viola odorato). Family Violaceae.

In March they appear in the garden. It has a rootstock. From the rosette it has runners. It is also be found in the wild. They donít bloom for a long time. The booklet remains still above the ground. 
The flowers are small. You have to look from a small distance to see how beautiful they are. Then you smell a delicious fragrance. 
For the Greeks it was because of the fragrance the flower of Aphrodite, the goddess of love. The oil from the flowers is still used for fragrance articles.

 

Wild arum, Lords and Ladies, Jack in the Pulpit (Arum maculatum) Family Araceae. Wild arum, Lords and Ladies, Jack in the Pulpit (Arum maculatum). Family Araceae.

This arum grows on various places in the garden. I've the plants for years, but I don't know, how they came into the garden.
Wild arum isn't native. It is native to southern Europe. In Britain and in the Netherlands you can find this Arum in wild now. 
It likes moist, rich soil.
The plant is toxic. Height 20 to 40 cm.
Left photo: May 21. Bloom time: April, May. In July it has red fruits
I hesitated between Wild arum (Arum maculatum) and Italian arum (Arum italicum). But the spadix of the Wild arum (Arum maculatum) is purple-brown.

  Wild arum, Lords and Ladies, Jack in the Pulpit (Arum maculatum) Family Araceae.  Wild arum, Lords and Ladies, Jack in the Pulpit (Arum maculatum) Family Araceae.

 

Wild garlic (Allium ursinum). Amaryllis family (Alliaceae). Wild garlic (Allium ursinum). Amaryllis family (Alliaceae).

Wild garlic is native to the Netherlands. In some areas it is rare. In the dunes and my village "Bergen", it is a very common plant. I have some plants in the garden. They prefer moist soil and shaded places. It is a perennial plant.
The leaves are oval and resemble the leaves of the lily of the valleys. The white flowers are forming a spherical shape..
The crushed leaves smell like onions and garlic and  in some countries they are used in food. Then you better not pick the poisonous leaves of the lily of the valleys. The bulbs and flowers are also tasty.
Bloom time: April - June
Height 20-40 cm. Europe, Asia Minor.

Wild garlic (Allium ursinum). Amaryllis family (Alliaceae).  Photos 8-5-2013 and 10-5-2013.  

 

Euphorbia amygdaloides "robbiae" Euphorbia amygdaloides "robbiae" Family Euphorbia.

This Euphorbia is in the wild in northwest Asia Minor. It is a ground cover by its root suckers. It is evergreen.
Calcareous dry sandy soil. Sun, partial shade.
Bloom time: April, May Photo: April 11, 2010
Height 30 - 40 cm.

    Euphorbia amygdaloides "robbiae"
Information on the species of succulent euphorbia can be found at http://www.tuin-thijs.com/euphorbia-engels.htm 

 

Lesser periwinkle, Dwarf periwinkle, Small periwinkle, Common periwinkle, Creeping myrtle (Vinca Minor). Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). Lesser periwinkle, Dwarf periwinkle, Small periwinkle, Common periwinkle, Creeping myrtle (Vinca Minor). Dogbane family (Apocynaceae).

The Lesser Periwinkle is native to the Mediterranean. Now you can find it in the wild in the Netherlands.
Sun, partial shade or shade. In the sun it is blooming better. It is a excellent evergreen groundcover with leathery, waxy leaves, but keep an eye on it, because it is invasive! You can even cut periwinkle with the hedge trimmer.
The plant stays low to the ground and makes long shoots. I put it on this page, because it blooms in the spring. (usually blue-violet flowers, but there are cultivars with other colours)
Ordinary, slightly moist soil. The periwinkle is poisonous.
A family member is less the hardy, larger Greater periwinkle (Vinca major).
Bloom time: March - June. Photo: April 5, 2013.
Height about 20 cm.

 

Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Hazelwort, and Wild Spikenard (Asarum europaeum). Birthwort family (Aristolochiaceae). Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Hazelwort, and Wild Spikenard (Asarum europaeum). Birthwort family (Aristolochiaceae).

Like periwinkle Asarabacca is a good evergreen groundcover with leathery leaves. The beautiful glossy leaves are kidney shaped. In our garden it isn't invasive. If you don't pay attention, you will never see the flowers. The purple bell-shaped flowers can be found close to the ground under the leaves. In the picture they are not visible. That's why I posted a picture where you can see them better. Not native. Asarabacca originates in Central and Southern Europe.
Bloom time: April - June. Shade, partial shade, slightly moist soil.
Height about 15 cm.  

Asarabacca, European Wild Ginger, Hazelwort, and Wild Spikenard (Asarum europaeum). Birthwort family (Aristolochiaceae). Flowers. Photos: April 27, 2013. 

 

Windflower (Anemone blanda Atrocaerulea).        Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa). Buttercup family or crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae).                

Windflower (Anemone blanda Atrocaerulea). Buttercup family or crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae). Flowerbulb (tuber) for naturalization. The flowers are blue.  
W
ood anemone
(Anemone nemorosa). Buttercup family or crowfoot family (Ranunculaceae). A native plant. The plants grow from underground stems called rhizomes. The seeds are also spread by ants. The ants like the elaiosoom on the seeds.

 

Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis). Family Asparagaceae.       Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis). Family Asparagaceae.       Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis). Family Asparagaceae.   Hyacinth (Hyacinthus orientalis). Family Asparagaceae.

 Native to Iraq and Syria. They have been already introduced in the 16th century in Europe. What we now see are cultivars. Flowers in the garden are every year a little smaller. But I find them more natural. They can reseed themselves. Drained, fertile soil.

Lily family ( Liliaceae)  / Hyacinth family (Hyacinthaceae) or familyAsparagaceae.

From wikipedia: Scilla (and other plants!) has most recently been classified as belonging to the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae; the subfamily was formerly treated as a separate family, Hyacinthaceae.[5] Prior to that it was placed in the Hyacintheae tribe of the Liliaceae family. In my books, many plant species belonging to the lily family, Liliaceae instead Asparagus Family. Very confusing.

Tulips.(Tulipa)   Urumiensis, Tarda Turkestanica Little Princess Little Beauty
Urumiensis, Tarda   Turkestanica     Little Princess     Little Beauty
Tulips.(Tulipa). Family Liliaceae.  

The Netherlands is famous for its cultivated tulips. As the photograph left. They are imported from Turkey in the 16th century. Well drained, fertile soil.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulip 
But I prefer the botanical tulips. These wild tulips are very easy to naturalize. Height 15 - 25 cm. Bloom time: lV - V. 
Urumiensis: Iran. Tarda: Central Asia. Turkestanica: Turkey. Little Princess and Little Beauty are cultivated species, but are also easy to naturalise.

Grape Hyacinth (Muscari) Grape Hyacinth (Muscari). Fam. Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. Around the Mediterranean they grow in the wild. At me they do not multiply themselves very rapidly.
Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa luciliae) Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa luciliae). Family Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. Native to Turkey. In Greek Chion means snow and doxa celebrity. Ants are able to spread the seeds. Shade - sun. Closely related to the Scilla.
Iíve bought some years ago some plants. Now they spread themselves everywhere.
Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa luciliae)
Glory of the Snow Chionodoxa forbesii "pink Giant") Glory of the Snow (Chionodoxa forbesii "pink Giant"). Family Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. A much larger plant, then the snow celebrity. The leaves are also bigger. But if you look to the flowers, you can see they are family. I have bought them last year.   Glory of the Snow Chionodoxa forbesii "pink Giant")
Siberian Squill (Scilla siberica) Siberian Squill (Scilla siberica). Family Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. Native to South Russia, Syria. A little later than the snowdrop. An easy plant. When I came to live here 28 years ago, they were already there in large numbers. Siberian Squill (Scilla siberica)
White Squill (Scilla mischtschenkoana) White Squill (Scilla mischtschenkoana). Family Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. Native to the Caucasus and South-Russia It is  no cultivar. They spread themselves less rapidly, than the Siberian squill.   White Squill (Scilla mischtschenkoana)
Spring Starflower, Springstar (Ipheion uniflorum) Spring Starflower, Springstar (Ipheion uniflorum). Family Liliaceae. Now: Family Amaryllidaceae. Blooming time: April-June. Sunny, bulbous plant. Native to Mexico, Chile, Peru. It forms bulbils. Flowers smell of soap (with a honey fragrance). The grass-like foliage has a smell of onions. Spring Starflower, Springstar (Ipheion uniflorum)
Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthus campanulata but also hispanica) Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthus campanulata but also hispanica). Family Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. These flowers are blue, but there are also rose and white flowers. It flowers by the end of April, beginning May as the latest of this group. It has a lot of  foliage, but that disappears rapidly after flowering. It looks like the Common Bluebell.   Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthus campanulata but also hispanica)
Cussick's camas (Camassia cusickii). Cussick's camas (Camassia cusickii). Family Liliaceae. Now: subfamily Scilloideae. Family Asparagaceae. Bloom time: May-June. Sunny. Native to North AmericaInheems in Noord Amerika, where it is believed that the Indians used this plant in their food preparations  
Heigth 65 - 70 cm. It prefers fertile moist soil, but not too moist in the winter.
Cussick's camas (Camassia cusickii).
hondstand (Erythronium) familie:Liliaceae. Knolgewas. Lichte schaduw. Humushoudende, doorlatende grond. Trout Lily, Dogtooth Violet, Adderís tongue (Erythronium dens-canis) Family: Liliaceae. Bloom time: IV, V. Well-drained humus rich soil. It is a common wildflower of eastern Canadian woods. It should be in a sunny position in spring. Shade or partial shade in the summer.  
kievitsbloem (fritillaria  meleagris) Familie:Liliaceae. Zon, lichte schaduw. Vochtvasthoudende bodem. Snake's Head, Fritillary, Checkered Lily, Guinea Hen Flowers (Fritillaria meleagris) Family: Liliaceae. Sun or light shade. Moist soil. Bloom time: V, VI. It Ďs native to Europe  (in the Netherlands and Belgium rare and endagered.)  Requires consistently moist soil.  They are self-seeding, but Iíve read the new plants start flowering after eight years. The seeds  float.  
Star of Bethlehem, sleepydick (Ornithogalum umbellatum) . Now Family Asparagaceae. Star of Bethlehem, sleepydick (Ornithogalum umbellatum). Now Family Asparagaceae. It spreads by means of its bulbs and sead. Full sun, partial shade. Bloom time: V, VI. Starry white flowers in an umbel-like, terminal cluster. Slightly moist soil. (although it is quite dry in our garden). Height 10 - 30 cm. The plant is poisonous. Native to Europe and East Asia.
Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis). Family: Liliaceae. Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis). Family: Liliaceae. Bloom time V - VI. Nice white, flagrant, bell-shaped flowers. This species also occurs in the wild. Moist, moderately rich soil, but in the dry soil in our garden they grow well. It is invasive and it is spreading by the rhizomes. Height 15-30 cm. The plant is toxic by glycosides. Photo 2-6-2013.

 

Other Spring flowering plants in my garden.  

Blue bugle, Bugleherb, Bugleweed, Common bugle, Ajuga (Ajuga reptans). Family Mints (Labiatae, Lamiaceae). Blue bugle, Bugleherb, Bugleweed, Common bugle, Ajuga (Ajuga reptans). Family Mints (Labiatae, Lamiaceae). It prefers moist soil. It is a spreading evergreen ground cover that grows in a dense mat. Sun, partial shade. Bloom time: V, VI. Bugleweed is easily propagated by separating the little plants that arise from the spreading stolons. But it spreads also by self-seeding. Native to Europe, western Asia. Photo 2-6-2013.
Kingcup or Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris) Kingcup or Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris)  A swamp plant of Europe and North America. Of course near the pond. Full sun to partial shade. Bloom time: IV - VII. Native to Europe. Propagation: By division or from seed. It belongs to the Ranunculaceae (buttercup family.
Fumewort (Corydalis solida, synoniem: Corydalis bulbosa). Family Papaveraceae. Fumewort (Corydalis solida, synoniem: Corydalis bulbosa). Family Papaveraceae. Bloom time III - IV. Height 15 - 25 cm. It is very similar to hollow-root (Corydalis cava). A difference is that the bracts are hand-shaped. This species occurs in southern Netherlands in the wild. Propagation by seed. It is a surprise, where it is growing the next year. Partial shade, shade. Humus-rich, moist soil. Photo 22-3-2012.
Western, wild or Pacific bleeding heart (Dicentra formosa). Family Papaveraceae. Western, wild or Pacific bleeding heart (Dicentra formosa). Family Papaveraceae. Partial shade, moist soil. It is spreading by the rhizomes. and forms clumps of fine foliage. Flowering time: A first flowering in the period late April - June and a second in August - September. In the second flowering period we haven't many flowers. Hence, I place it on the page with spring bloomers. Flower clusters with heart shaped pink flowers. Height about 30 cm. Native to America. Photo 8-6-2013.
Bleeding heart, Venus's car, or lyre flower (Dicentra spectabilis). Family Papaveraceae. Bleeding heart, Venus's car, or lyre flower (Dicentra spectabilis). Family Papaveraceae. Partial shade. Bloom time IV, V. In June bleeding hearts die back after blooming. Humus rich, moist ,well-drained soil. Native to eastern Asia from Siberia south to Japan Bleading heart because the shape of a heart with a drop of blood descending. In Dutch: gebroken hartje (broken heart) Aready a garden plant in the middle ages.
Bishop's hat, Barrenwort (Epimedium versicolor versicolor ' Sulphureum ') Bishop's hat, Barrenwort (Epimedium versicolor versicolor ' Sulphureum ') Family: Berberidaceae. Part shade to full shade. Itís a groundcover, but it doesn't grow fast. The flowers are small but very beautiful. It holds its foliage throughout the winter Flowers sometimes bloom before plants leaf out. Well-drained, somewhat moist soil. They are propagated by dividing the roots.
Winter heath, Winter Flowering Heather, or Spring heath (Erica carnea). Family heath, heather (Ericaceae). Winter heath, Winter Flowering Heather, or Spring heath (Erica carnea). Family heath, heather (Ericaceae). Itís an evergreen shrub wich already flowers in winter. Bloom time: XI - IV. The plants can be pruned immediately after they have finished flowering. There are many cultivars of winter heath. It is tolerant of limestone as well as acidic soils. Full sun or light shade. New plants by layering outer branches in the soil.
Euphorbia polychroma.†Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Euphorbia polychroma. Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae).
More information about this family.  Bloom time: IV - V. Height about 40 cm. They have striking green coloured bracts. The flowers are (as with many other euphorbias) small. They like calcareous soil, but it is not really necessary.
Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum). Family: Rubiaceae. Sweet Woodruff (Galium odoratum). Family: Rubiaceae. Bloom time: V - Vl.  Woodruff can spread both by seed and by means of creeping stems. It is a real groundcover, but other plants are able to grow through it. Sun, half shade.  Humus rich, well-drained soil. Height 15 cm. Native to Europe, North Africa and western Asia. But rare in the Netherlands. They smell of freshly mowed gras.When dried the grassy vanilla odor smells stronger. The dried plants were used in the linen cupboard to protect from moths and to lend their sweet odor to linen or clothing. Sweet woodruff was widely used in herbal medicine during the Middle Ages. It is said Sweet Woodruff tea could calm the stomach. Photo 2-5-2013.
Rhizomatous iris, Bearded iris, German iris (iris germanica). Family: Iridaceae. Rhizomatous iris, Bearded iris, German iris (Iris germanica). Family: Iridaceae. Sun, partial shade. Flower has a ďbeardĒ. This beard  petals form a landing-stage for a flying insect. Bloom time: V.. There are many species with different colours. German iris spreads by rhizomes. German iris is very easy to grow in most any soil type. Iris have thick, fleshy rhizomes, that store food. The rhizomes grow best when planted at or slightly below the soil surface with feeder roots penetrating the soil below.
Yellow iris and yellow flag (Iris pseudacorus). Family: Iridaceae. Yellow iris and yellow flag (Iris pseudacorus). Family: Iridaceae. Bloom time: V, VI. The plant spreads quickly, by both rhizome and water-dispersed seed. While it is primarily an aquatic plant, the rhizomes can survive prolonged dry conditions. So it can be invasive. Native to Europe, western Asia and northwest Africa. Photo 12-6-2013.
Annual honesty (Lunaria annua). Crucifers or cabbage family. (Brassicaceae).
Annual honesty (Lunaria annua). Crucifers or cabbage family. (Brassicaceae).
A (Lunaria annua). Crucifers or cabbage family. (Brassicaceae). 
Annual or biennial. Sun, partial shade. Well-drained soil. Bloom time: V.
The Dutch name is "Judaspenning". The seed capsules resembles a penny. Judas betrayed Jesus for silver pennies. On page "Autumn" is a picture. The purple or white flowers don't smell. Yet they attract insects. Because they are annual or biennial, they don't grow each year on the same place in the garden. Honesty is easy to grow from seed.
Height 50-100 cm. Native to Southeast Europe.
Welsh poppy (Meconopsis cambrica, formely Papaver cambricum). Family Papaveraceae. Welsh poppy (Meconopsis cambrica, formely Papaver cambricum). Family Papaveraceae. Bloom time V -VI. Flowers are yellow and orange. Height 15 -60 cm. Partial shade. Dry soil. Native to Western Europe. Photo 6-6-2013.
Wood Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica). Forget-me-not family (Boraginaceae). Wood Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica). Forget-me-not family (Boraginaceae). The plant doesn't live long, but  it reseeds itself.  There are also perennial species. Full sun, partial shade. Humus rich soil.
Lungwort (Pulmonaria). Forget-me-not family (Boraginaceae). Lungwort (Pulmonaria). Forget-me-not family (Boraginaceae). Bloom time III - V. Partial shade, shade. Moist soil. Height 20-40 cm. Hairy often variegated leaves. (Varies with cultivars) usually pink to violet blue flowers. Propagation: The plant forms clumps that can be torn to multiply, also possible is by seeding or cuttings. Photo 12-5-2013.

Early thriving shrubs in my garden.  

Gold-Dust Plant (Aucuba japonica). Dogwood family (Cornaceae). Gold-Dust Plant (Aucuba japonica). Dogwood family (Cornaceae). Bloom time: April. They will grow well in most soils. Sun Exposure: Light shade to shade. Evergreen shrub. Height: 3 m. The purple flowers are very small. Red berrys. Gold-dust plants have male and female flowers on different plants. The specie  on the photo has a dark green foliage. The most gold-dust plants have variegated leathery leaves. It can be pruned the whole year. Cuttings from terminal shoots can be taken in spring or summer.  
Broom (Cytisus praecox "allgold"). Legume, pea, bean family (Leguminosae). Broom (Cytisus praecox "allgold"). Legume, pea, bean family (Leguminosae). Bloom time: April May. Acidic sandy soil. Height1.75 m. This is a cultivar. For many years I have had two shrubs. When they became old, I have taken them away. This year Iíve bought two new ones.
You can prune after flowering.
 
Forsythia or Golden Bell (Forsythia). Family Oleaceae.

Forsythia or Golden Bell (Forsythia). Family Oleaceae. Tall: 2m. They will grow well in most soils. The soil should be well drained. In March, April you can't overlook it. It has spectacular bright yellow star-like flowers form on prior year's growth, not on new growth. So, it's important to prune them immediately after the flowers have bloomed. It is easy to take cuttings.

Holly (Hex aquifolium). Family Aquifoliacea. Holly (Hex aquifolium). Family Aquifoliacea. Bloom time: May. The flowers are small. Hollys have like Gold-dust plants male and female flowers on different plants. On the photograph: Left: The shoot is from a female shrub. To the right: From a male shrub. Holly berries are mildly toxic.
In my garden there are several wild holly species. It spreads by self-seeding. In the beginning it is a shrub. Afterwards it gets the form of a tree. The shrub can reach 10 m in height. Fortunately it grows slowly. You can prune it the whole year.
The holly is an
evergreen shrub. There are a lot of cultivars. The Holly will grow in almost any soil, provided it is not too wet. This year however they have many cushion scales (pulvani floccifera). Adult Pulvinaria produces in autumn  a white egg-sac which is clearly visible on the leaves. The holly does not suffer. They are also in the bushes  in the neighbourhood.
The wood is heavy, hard and white. It is used for wood-carving and inlay work.   
Cushion scales (Pulvani floccifera), Holly (Hex aquifolium). Family Aquifoliacea.
Common Laburnum, Golden Chain or Golden Rain (Laburnum anagyroides). Legume, pea, bean family (Leguminosae) Common Laburnum, Golden Chain or Golden Rain (Laburnum anagyroides). Legume, pea, bean family (Leguminosae). Native to central and southern Europe. It is a small deciduous tree. Height 7 m. The tree, but especially the pods are poisonous, because of the substance cytisine. If it blooms, it has beautiful pendulous clusters of golden-yellow flowers. Bloom time V - VI. Sun to partial shade. Photo 4-6-2013.
Oregon-grape (Mahonia aquifolium). Family Berberidaceae. Oregon-grape (Mahonia aquifolium). Family Berberidaceae. Bloom time: April. Tall 1.5 m. The flowers are followed by small purplish-black fruits. Oregon-grape is resistant to summer drought, tolerates poor soils. Under the ground there are many runners. Sometimes it can be irritating. The leaves of Oregon-grape are holly-like. It is, however, useful for christmas decoration, the shrub has evergreen foliage. Oregon-grape is native to North America and Asia  
Pieris (Pieris japonica variegata). Heath, heather family (Ericaceae). Pieris (Pieris japonica variegata). Heath, heather family (Ericaceae). Of course it has variagata foliage. (not in front of the photo). Bloom time March, April. Maximum height 2m. Flowers look like flowers of Erica (family). Moist, acid soil. So I have used my compost, for the soil was to sandy. Cuttings: In August 10 cm long cuttings in sandy soil at a  sheltered shady spot. Next autumn they can on the place of destination.
Redflower currant (Ribes sanguineum). Family Grossulariaceae. Redflower currant (Ribes sanguineum). Family Grossulariaceae. Bloom time: March April. After a mild winter the flowers are very early. An easy shrub, which you can prune. The shrub can reach 6 feet in height. They will grow well in most soils. This year the shrubs flowered less well. The yellow context on the photograph is of a forsythia.  
Skimmia japonika. Rue, citrus family (Rutaceae).

Skimmia japonika. Rue, citrus family (Rutaceae). Bloom time: March April. Shade, half shade. Height: 1.5 m. A moist, fertile soil.

There are male and female plants.  

Lilac or Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris). Family Oleaceae. Lilac or Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris). Family Oleaceae. It tolerates many soil types and does well in full sun or partial shade. Bloom time: V. It has fragrant flowers. It is a species of Syringa in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. Requires repeated pruning to maintain desired height and improve form. Shoots sprout up nearby and can be  moved. This lilac is a shoot (30 years ago) of a shrub at the farm of my parents. Now you can buy many cultivars. Photo 27-5-2013
Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus). Family Adoxaceae.

Laurustinus (Viburnum tinus). Family Adoxaceae. Bloom time: February - April. Height: 3m. Evergreen shrub. After the flowering in spring you can prune the laurustinus. Position: Full sun to partial shade Native to the Mediterranean region. Viburnum Leaf Beetle can cause much damage. Look at beetles.    

Weigela florida. Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae).

Weigela florida. Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae). Bloom time May June. The shrub can reach 2 m in height. About 30 years ago it looks old. I am careful with prune else I fear for it does not survive. Propagation: take in October cuttings (30 cm) A year later they have roots. 

 

StumbleUpon.com

  Nederlands / Dutch                                                                      

English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
 
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

Subpage Summerflowers:  Summer flowering shrubs.

W3Counter Web Stats

 

GoogleYou can translate this site in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish.