autumn


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                                                      Autumn        

In the autumn there is still enough to discover. Some plants remain flowering. For instance the knotweed (Polygonum amplexicaule). Annual Honesty or Silver Dollar (Lunaria annua) shows its seed pods with the appearance of silver coins. I like to peel the thin layers from the seed pods to get the “silver dollars”. My terrace has been renewed and made larger. The hedge of English yew (Taxus bacata) at the left has been pruned two meters lower. Now I can see the houses again. That’s a pity, but we get more sunlight in the garden now.  

Annual Honesty or Silver Dollar (Lunaria annua)               knotweed (Polygonum amplexicaule)
compost heap               terrace

The compost heap must be removed and spread throughout our garden. I make compost of all household and garden waste. I mix the leaves with old compost. After a year I have good compost again.

The mushrooms, which I see a lot in the garden, are the earthstar and the common earthball. On both mushrooms you can see an insect.

Two autumn pictures. A feather between the leaves. A yellow foxglove in autumn.
earthstar                common earthball
               geel vingerhoedskruid   skelet

Actually I don't know much about mushrooms. But I have placed a few photos on this page.
I want to thank everyone, who has helped me (waarneming.nl) to identify.

Champignon spec. Champignon spec.   

Champignon spec. Champignon spec.

Champignon spec. Family Agaricaceae. 

These mushrooms are edible. But I don't try.
Scaly Wood Mushroom,  Blushing Wood Mushroom (Agaricus silvaticus) is possible if you look at these photos. But then the colour changes to blood red or pink when you cut Agaricus silvaticus. Unfortunately the colour of this mushroom did not change. 
Coprinus micaceus The similar species C. pallidissimus and C. truncorum are also possible. But they are much rarer.  Coprinus micaceus The similar species C. pallidissimus and C. truncorum are also possible. But they are much rarer. Family Coprinaceae.
These fungi arise in small clumps. As shown in this picture. When they are young, the mushrooms are covered in tiny white granules. 
On dead tree stumps, as well as (like here) on rich soil. May to November.
Cerocorticium molare Family Cyphellaceae. Cerocorticium molare Family Cyphellaceae. Cerocorticium molare Family Cyphellaceae.
The fruiting body has a surface of a crust covered with about 4 mm long blunt spines with a whitish margin (about 4 cm). A close relative of the Cerocorticium confluens. When you rub it, you smell a chemical odor. Found on branches blown off an oak.
Collared earthstar, saucered earthstar, triple earthastar  (Geastrum triplex) Collared earthstar, saucered earthstar, triple earthastar  (Geastrum triplex) Collared earthstar, saucered earthstar, triple earthastar  (Geastrum triplex) Collared earthstar, saucered earthstar, triple earthastar  (Geastrum triplex) Genus earthstar fungi (Geastraceae).
In Europe there are 20 species. The collar is especially visible in the right picture. In other pictures you can see that the outer wall splits into 4 to 8 pointed rays. They crack as they bend back.
Especially in woodlands and dunes. Asia, Australasia, Europe, and both North and South America.
Helmmycena (Mycena galericulata) Family Mycenaceae. Helmmycena (Mycena galericulata) Family Mycenaceae. Helmmycena (Mycena galericulata) Family Mycenaceae.

Characteristic of this species: White gills (with a slightly reddish lights). The cap is bell-shaped with a hump in the middle. It smells like flour.
In clusters on tree trunks. Here they are on deciduous pieces of wood.
Hapalopilus rutilans Family Polyporaceae  Hapalopilus rutilans Family Polyporaceae Hapalopilus rutilans Family Polyporaceae. 

The cap has a curved edge. On the cap you see pores 4-10 mm ldeep. The fragrance is sweet. The colour changes to purple when you drop lye (KOH) or ammonia on it. Found on branches blown off an oak.
Psathyrella spec. Family Psathyrellaceae. Psathyrella spec. Family Psathyrellaceae. Psathyrella spec. Family Psathyrellaceae.
I can't determine this mushroom without microscope. They are often small and inconspicuous.
Upright coral (Ramaria stricta) Family Ramariaceae. Upright coral (Ramaria stricta) Family Ramariaceae. Upright coral (Ramaria stricta) Family Ramariaceae. Upright coral (Ramaria stricta) Family Ramariaceae.
You can often find them on trunks and branches of deciduous trees. In this case, pieces of rotten wood of an apple tree. It looks like coral.
Similar species are: Ramaria flaccida and Ramaria eumorpha.
Stereum hirsutum Family Stereaceae. Stereum hirsutum Family Stereaceae. Stereum hirsutum Family Stereaceae.
The fruiting body looks like small, wavy, leathery shelves with a surface of had crust. It does not discolour, when you scratch it. Found on branches blown off an oak. 
Blue-foot (Psilocybe caerulea) or Psilocybe aeruginosa. Family Strophariaceae Blue-foot (Psilocybe caerulea) or Psilocybe aeruginosa. Family Strophariaceae Blue-foot (Psilocybe caerulea) or Psilocybe aeruginosa. Family Strophariaceae Blue-foot (Psilocybe caerulea) or Psilocybe aeruginosa. Family Strophariaceae
 
Mushrooms with a blue cap with a green slimy skin.
Redlead Roundhead (Leratiomyces ceres). Family Strophariaceae.  Redlead Roundhead (Leratiomyces ceres). Family Strophariaceae.    Redlead Roundhead ( Leratiomyces ceres). Family Strophariaceae. 
Mushrooms with a bulbous orange hat. On wood residues, especially wood chips. Here on excavated roots of bamboo. Photos 8-11-2016.

These two mushrooms appeared in 2013, when one of the chestnut trees wascut down.

Smoky polypore, smoky bracket (Bjerkandera adusta). Family Meruliaceae. Smoky polypore, smoky bracket (Bjerkandera adusta). Family Meruliaceae. Smoky polypore, smoky bracket (Bjerkandera adusta). Family Meruliaceae.
They grow on dead logs. Light to dark gray with a white border, which later becomes dark. This species: At the underside dark gray tubes.
Honey fungus (Armillaria). Family Physalacriaceae. There are several species. Honey fungus (Armillaria). Family Physalacriaceae. There are several species. Honey fungus (Armillaria). Family Physalacriaceae. There are several species.
Parasitic. They live off the dead wood, but they can also be very harmful to living trees. They grow at the base of the stem or in the vicinity of the tree on the roots or buried dead wood. Hopefully it will not affect our other chestnut.

 

The front garden October 2007

The front garden October 2007. After this photo I have raked the leaves.

Below: The two horse chestnuts in the back garden. Sometimes I become crazy of sweeping flowers leaves, of all those falling chestnuts. (One through a roof-window) Disadvantages are also: The costs of pruning. When it storms I fear they will fall.

Still I can’t miss them.. Advantage: In summer we have a cool house.  

 

chestnuts               chestnuts

Autumn flowers.

Cyclamen hederifolium Cyclamen hederifolium  In September they start flowering  with small pink flowers. Leaves appear a short time later, then build their size and numbers in earnest throughout November. Heart or arrow-shaped leaves have a pattern in silver, grey.  It self-seeds freely.
Native to south France to Turkey
Knotweed, knotgrass (Polygonum amplexicaule) Knotweed, knotgrass (Polygonum amplexicaule) Bloom time: VII - X.  So it also flowers in summer. Family Buckwheat (Polygonaceae). This photograph has been taken at the end of September. It prefers fertile, moist soil.  But on other soil types are not a problem. Sun - shade. It spreads by rhizomes and by self-seeding. Knotweed can be invasive.
Knotweed, knotgrass (persicaria filiformis, polygonum virginianum) Knotweed, knotgrass (persicaria filiformis, polygonum virginianum) Knotweed, knotgrass (Persicaria filiformis, Polygonum virginianum)  Just at the beginning of Autumn it starts flowering. But it’s also a beautiful foliage plant.  Native to Japan, the North east of the Himalayas and the North east of the US. Bloom time: IX, X. Tiny red flower on a wiry stem  (difficult to photograph) Ordinary garden soil, grows best when not too dry. Sun-part shade. It’s self-seeding and spreads by rhizomes. But in our garden it’s growing for 10 years at the same place (perhaps too dry) Margriet thanks for giving the name.
Canada golden-rod, Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) Goldenrod (Solidago) this is Canada golden-rod, Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis). Family Asteraceae. Native to the United States and Canada. But now it is often grown as a wildflower also in Europe. The root system producing creeping rhizomes that cause the plants to cluster, but is also self-seeding and can be invasive. Bloom time: VIII - X. sunny. The preference is full to partial sun, and average moisture levels, but it will tolerate also some drought. Many insects like the flowers. I Prune the plant about 10 cm from the ground before the new growing season begins.
Garden Orpine (Sedum teléphium) Garden Orpine (Sedum teléphium) Family. Succulent leaves flushed bronze with purple stems and clusters of soft pink flowers in late summer. Soil: moderately fertile, well-drained. Sun-part shade. flowering time: VII - X. I have a number of  species.
Orphin is also a wildflower in the Netherlands.
Autumn aster (aster yunnanensis) Autumn aster (Aster yunnanensis) I ‘m not sure it’s the right name. Height: 40 cm.. Bloom time: IX - XI. Fertile, moist but well drained soil. Already more than twenty years in our garden.
Ivy (Hedera helix Simone) Ivy (Hedera helix Simone) black bays Ivy (Hedera helix Simone) This Ivy has been introduced in 1996 as a new species. This shrub-like ivy does not grow higher than 90 cm. You have got flowers at the end of the summer to late in the autumn. Black bays appear after flowering. Especially hover flies like the flowers. The shrub grows in the sun and in the shade and can be pruned. Evergreen.
Monk's-hood (Aconitum carmichaelii)  Monk's-hood (Aconitum carmichaelii) There’s also a species on the page “summer flowers”. We had bought a coupleof these plants on the market a couple at. These started flowering much later than the other monk’s-hood. (IX, X) Now we have got flowers the whole year.
Sun-part shade. Moist, organically rich, well-drained soils. Toxic!
Bugbane or cohosh (Cimicifuga simplex) Bugbane or cohosh (Cimicifuga simplex) Bloom time  X, XI.  Sun - shade  Humus rich, moist soil. Family Ranunculaceae.
In our garden it’s in a beautiful summer to dry. For this reason it doesn't grow well. But I like the flowers. So they stay in the garden. Native to the east of the United States.

Shrubs with beautiful berries. 

Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus) Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus) Common Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus) flowers are already there as from June. Small spikes of pink flowers appear already in June (not very showy, but the bees like them); fruit is white and berry-like from September through November. At the same time there are new flowers.  Fruit remains on the stem until midwinter. The common snowberry grows everywhere. Full sun to shade; moist, well-drained soils are best, but it tolerates also dryness. Reproduction also by sprouting of underground stems that run horizontally. You can prune it well.  
It is native to North America. It was introduced in 1817, in Great Britain and now it has naturalized  in Europe.
The Latin name means soap. These plants were often used as a soap by Northwest Indians.
The fruit and flowers are photographed at the end of September.
Rock cotoneaster (Cotoneaster horizontalis)

Rock cotoneaster (Cotoneaster horizontalis) Bloom time: V, VI. The shrubs are in the garden and against the wall. Well drained garden soil. Sun - shade. In the sun there are more red berries. It spreads by self-seeding.
A
spreading shrub to 1,5 meter tall. You can prune it well.
Native to China

Holly (Hex aquifolium) Holly (Hex aquifolium) I have already described the holly on the page "spring2007 ". 
English yew (taxus baccata) English yew (Taxus baccata) An evergreen conifer  native to Europe. I had almost forgotten the yew, although we have a yew hedge around the back garden.  All parts of plant are poisonous and are deadly for cattle. Its sweet fruit is completely toxin free. But you must not eat the seed. The seed is also toxic. So it’s better to eat nothing at all. Especially the children!! Yew is used  in a cancer treatment. The hard wood was formerly often used for making bows. Pruning of these shrubs can be done at any time of the year. Yew can be grown in sun or shade.

 

Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) in the autumn. Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) in autumn.


Today (20-10-09) I heard noises under a pile of leaves in the garden. When I kept looking, I saw the head of a hedgehog.
Here you can read more about hedgehogs: hedgehog wikipedia


Paintings in autumn. (2009) Dirk Jan de Graaf.    Paintings in autumn. (2009) Dirk Jan de Graaf.    Paintings in autumn. (2009) Dirk Jan de Graaf.
Paintings in autumn. (2009) Dirk Jan de Graaf. Paintings in autumn. (2009)

In October there is "de Kunsttiendaagse" (translated: "ten-day art") in Bergen (the village, where we live). In many shops, banks, hotels you can admire art for ten days. 
This was the submission of my son Dirk Jan de Graaf. I hung the paintings in the garden for a picture.
His website is: http://www.dirkustrations.com/ 


I have also taken some photos of two known places in Bergen.

The Van Reenen Park               The Van Reenen Park
The Van Reenen Park The Van Reenen Park. 

When our children were small, we visited this park very often.. It is near the center of the village. 
Photos 25-10-2009.

The miniature golf course in Bergen. "The Merelhof"

It seems to bee the oldest miniature golf course in the Netherlands.
The license is issued by the municipality of Bergen on March 14, 1954.

This was the last weekend. From November to March, it is closed.
Also near the city center, but surrounded by nature.

The miniature golf course in Bergen. "The Merelhof"               The miniature golf course in Bergen. "The Merelhof"

Het Oude Hof in Bergen. (translated: The Old Court)

There is already a year passed again. These are pictures of  "de Kunsttiendaagse" (translated: "ten-day art") in October 2010.
This time I have made some pictures of the exhibition at Het Oude Hof. I haven't taken photos in the building of the paintings hanging there.
In the mid 17th century, this mansion was built. The estate is also without sculptures worth a visit. Today, the building is owned by the foundation Blooming. A training company with several hotels and accommodations for training.

Het Oude Hof in Bergen.               Het Oude Hof in Bergen.
Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen.  The lime trees at the building were planted in 1647 by Studler of Surck. They are also works of art, I think.
Het Oude Hof in Bergen.               Het Oude Hof in Bergen.
Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Through the forest, you come to an open space. There are many modern sculptures. (During the ten-day art)
Het Oude Hof in Bergen.

On these photos you see the forest, which is guarded by a pair of beautiful "cats" and the path toward to the sculptures.
When we left, I have taken one last photo of the mansion "Het Oude Hof".

Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen. Het Oude Hof in Bergen.

 

Robin

Robin

I also have a picture of a robin on the page "spring" and a picture on the page "winter". Then it is not afraid of me, but it still keeps some distance. In the autumn we are good friends. If I'm raking leaves, it is always joining me to see if there is something to eat. Sometimes I am not glad because some insects I would like to shoot.
I hope it likes me. Often it is on a distance of about twenty centimeters. (Like in this picture)

Photo 15-11-2010

 

Sculptures in the fog. "De Poort van Bergen" from Herbert Nouwens. Sculptures in the fog. "De Poort van Bergen" from Herbert Nouwens.

There is often fog in the autumn. But in November 2011 we have got to much.
I photographed the two sculptures in the fog on the roundabout. If you go from Alkmaar to Bergen, you can't miss them.
They are placed here in 2002. The sculptures are made of rust-colored Cor-ten steel.
The first time we saw "De Poort van Bergen", we came back from holidays. We found them ugly. We both had the twin-towers in our mind. Like more people of the village. In protest, cans of paint were emptied against the sculptures. (several times) Once there even was attached a half plane to one of the towers.

Today it has become quiet. I still think it's not nice. But we are used to it.

Photo 23-11-2011

  Greater White-toothed Shrew (Crocidura russula). Family Soricidae. September 2012.

 Greater White-toothed Shrews (Crocidura russula). Family Soricidae. September 2012.                Greater White-toothed Shrews (Crocidura russula). Family Soricidae. September 2012.
In a joint in the wall is an opening and so the Greater White-toothed Shrews can come under the floor of the scullery. Only there, because it is not connected to our house. Sometimes I see a shrew going to the the garden. Shrews are night and day searching for food like insects, larvae, woodlice, snails, worms.
It looks like a house mouse, but is no family. There are many species of shrews. The greater white-toothed shrew has larger ears (not hidden in the fur) and long white hairs on the tail. I let the joint open, because it is a nice to have them in the garden.
House mouse (Mus musculus). Family Muridae. House mouse (Mus musculus). Family Muridae.

A picture to compare the house mouse with the house shrew. Late autumn we sometimes have a house mouse in the house. That is not the intention. I have a trap, with which you can catch them alive. Then you can let them free in the garden of the neighbours, but than you get neighbours quarrel. Fortunately we have forest and dunes nearby.
They are native to Central Asia and Russia. Now they are found everywhere, where people are. They eat everything. For example, grains, seeds, insects and worms. With us they even once the putty eaten. Once they had eaten from our glazing putty.
In the wild they can be thirty months old. But because of all the enemies, they live mostly much shorter.
Usually you know there are mice in your house, because of the mouse droppings and gnawed broken packages.

 

  Nederlands / Dutch                                                                                  

English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
 
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

Subpage Summerflowers: Summer flowering shrubs.

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