concealer moths, oecophoridae in the garden.

 

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Concealer moths, Oecophoridae in the garden
     


Subpage butterflies and moths:     Butterflies      Owlet moths, Noctuidae      Geometer moths      Leafrollers, tortrix moths      Pyralidae, Crambidae

 

Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).

Caterpillars of Concealer moths often feed on dead plant material, but there are also caterpillars which feed on grain, seeds or textile. The moths are often recognizable by the long curved palps. 
According to the Dutch wikipedia: The classification of families in the order Lepidoptera has recently changed significantly, this family now includes the sexes in the old families Amphisbatidae, Autostichidae, Chimbachidae, Depressariidae, Hypertrophidae, Peleopodidae, Stathmopodidae, Stenomida and Xyloryctidae.
That makes it sometimes difficult. Agonopterix arenella you now see in the Depressariidae family, but on other sites in the family Concealer Moths (Oecophoridae). I put it on this page.

 

Borkhausenia fuscescens. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae)... Borkhausenia fuscescens. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).  Borkhausenia fuscescens. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).
A brown small grey moth. On the wing are three dark spots. 
The caterpillar feeds on leaves of trees and shrubs, dried leaves. They are also found in bird nests Like the moth in the picture, they are sometimes in a house. 
It hibernates as a caterpillar.
June - August. Wingspan 7 - 12 mm. Europe. Photos 16-6-2014.      
Borkhausenia minutella. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).   Borkhausenia minutella. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).
A slate grey moth with two on each wing pale yellow spots. I see them sometimes in the shed.
The caterpillars feed on dry plantstuffs like seeds and dried fruit.
Wingspan 10 - 14 mm. May - June. Europe. Photo 30-6-2013.  
Esperia sulphurella.. Esperia sulphurella. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).. Esperia sulphurella. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae). Esperia sulphurella. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).
It is a day-active moth. I have read, they are active especially early in the morning.
In 1971 the first Dutch Esperiamot was seen in Melissant (South Holland). They are now quite common.
Recognizable by the white band around the antennae, a yellow-white spot on the back and a yellow stripe on the side. ( clearly visible on photo 9-5-2018)
April - June. One generation.
The caterpillars feed on dead wood. (Beech, oak, blackthorn and blueberry)
Wingspan 12 - 16 mm. Photos 20-4-2009. 2-5-2018, 9-5-2018. German: Admiral French: Vulcain.
Harpella forficella Family: Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).. Harpella forficella Family: Concealer moths (Oecophoridae)  Harpella forficella. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).
Like other members of the family Oecophoridae the palps are very large..
The caterpillar feeds on decayed wood, but can also be found in tree fungus of deciduous trees. It is often found on sandy soils.
It hibernates as a caterpillar.
June - September. Wingspan 19 - 29 mm. Europe. Photos 17-7-2011.    
Brown House-moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella) Family: Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).. Brown House-moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella) Family: Concealer moths (Oecophoridae). Brown House-moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella) Family: Concealer moths (Oecophoridae)  Brown House-moth (Hofmannophila pseudospretella). Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).
The palps are large. On the wing are three dark spots.
The caterpillar eats both plant and animal substances. For example seeds, wool, skins, dead insects, dried plants. They are also found in bird nests. Like the moth in the picture, they are much in the house and they are harmful.
It hibernates as a caterpillar. Flying all year. especially in July and August.

Wingspan 15 to 26 mm. This species is native to Asia, but now it lives in many parts of the world. Photos 4-10-2011.    
IMetalampra italica. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae)... Metalampra italica. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).. Metalampra italica. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).  Metalampra italica. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).
Until recently (2013), all these moths, which were found in the Netherlands were called Metalampra cinnamomea. Thanks for the explanation Tymo Muus.
Explenation (translated) on www.microlepidoptera: Based on the initial samples (Sept 2013) based on genital examination Metalampra italica is distinguished from Metalampra cinnamomea by the bright orange or orange-brown ground colour, with mostly sharp (bright light yellow) drawing. M. cinnamomea is grayer, more brownish or dark red, with wider bands, a more developed tornus spot and the drawing is paler: yellowish to white. M. cinnamomea seems to be on the dry areas, such as domestic and sandy dunes. Mainly bound M. italica is more humid (beech or oak) forests, but rarely in alluvial forests. 
The caterpillar lives in tree fungi and possibly also in the rotting wood underneath.
May - October. Wingspan 10 - 14 mm. Photos 4-7-2012.
 
Metalampra italica. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae). 8-8-2014. In the sun.


Familie Depressariidae.

Agonopterix arenella you now see in the Depressariidae family, but on other sites in the family Concealer Moths (Oecophoridae).

Agonopterix arenella. Family Depressariidae. Somtimes in subfamily Depressariinae. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae).   Agonopterix arenella. Family Depressariidae. Somtimes in subfamily Depressariinae. Family Concealer moths (Oecophoridae). 
The pale brown forewings have at its center a dark brown spot surmounted by two small dark spots.
The caterpillars feed on first as leafminer including with thistle, burdock. Later it is in a spinning at the underside of the leaf.
Wingspan 19 tot 25 mm. August - June. The moth overwinters. Palearctic. Photo 15-7-2013.   
  

  
On Waarneming:  All Concealer moths of the Netherlands  and   all Depressariidae of the Netherlands 

 

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