ground beetles


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                                 Ground beetles in the garden   

Ground beetles

The ground beetles, I will place on this page
There are about 400 species in the Netherlands. They differ in size. Most species in these families are carnivores. 

Subfamily Badistrinae.

Badister lacertosus. Subfamily Badistrinae. Family: Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Badister lacertosus. Subfamily Badistrinae. Family: Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Badister lacertosus. Subfamily Badistrinae. Family: Ground beetles (Carabidae). Badister lacertosus. Subfamily Badistrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

A two-coloured beetle (orange and black). Length 5, 6 mm.
In the sun it gets a beautiful glow. 
In this family are more beetles with this colour. The end of the first segment of the antenna of the Badister lacertosus is donker. The whole first segment of the antenna of the similar Badister bullatus is orange. Badister unipustulatus is also very similar.
I found this beetle in March under a pot in leaf litter.

 

 

 

Subfamily Carabinae.

Carabus problematicus. Subfamily Carabinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Carabus problematicus. Subfamily Carabinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Carabus problematicus. Subfamily Carabinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Carabus problematicusSubfamily Carabinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes 4 km from our house.

One of the largest beetles in Europe. Especially the elytra and neck shield his shiny blue to blue-black. The elytra is longitudinally ribbed. It looks like the Carabus violaceus, but this beetle has smoother elytra and is a bit more elongated.
It is active at night and is hidden during the day.
It is found mostly in forests and heathlands.
May - September. The beetle or larva overwinters. Europe. Length 20-30 mm.

Photos 28-9-2016.

Subfamily Tiger beetles (Cicindelinae).

Northern dune tiger beetle (Cicindela hybrida). Subfamily Tiger beetles (Cicindelinae). Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Northern dune tiger beetle (Cicindela hybrida). Subfamily Tiger beetles (Cicindelinae). Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Northern dune tiger beetle (Cicindela hybrida). Subfamily Tiger beetles (Cicindelinae). Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Northern dune tiger beetle (Cicindela hybrida). Subfamily Tiger beetles (Cicindelinae). Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes 4 km from our house.

The Cicindela hybrida resembles the in the Netherlands rarer Cicindela sylvatica. According to the Dutch Forum "waarneming" are the differences:
Cicindela hybrida: Upper lip (labrum) yellow, without sharp keel. Elytra brown with strong metallic shine, yellow spot at the rear end of the abdomen. General in sandy areas.
Cicindela sylvatica: Upper lip black, with sharp keel length in the middle. Elytra black brown with faint metallic shine and three yellow spots, the back spot is pointed on a distance of the rear end, in the middle of the elytra irregular shallow dots.
Both the larva and the beetle have very large jaws. They live on a sandy bottom, like here in the dunes. You see them alternately walking and flying. The larva lives in a hole in the sand.
Length 14 - 20 mm. April - October. Europe.
  Photos 21-4-2013.

Subfamily Elaphrinae.

Elaphrus cupreus. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Elaphrus cupreus. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Elaphrus cupreus. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Elaphrus cupreus. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes 4 km from our house.

A bronze-coloured beetle with pits on the elytra. The tarsi are blue. 
They live in moist areas like here near a dune lake. 
The newly hatched beetles overwinter in the soil.

Length 7,5 - 9 mm.
Palearctic.

elaphrus-cupreus-7-2-4-2014.jpg (85858 bytes)   Photos 2-4-2014. 
German: Kupferfarbene Uferläufer, Bronzefarbene Raschkäfer.  

Elaphrus riparius. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Elaphrus riparius. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Elaphrus riparius. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Elaphrus riparius. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes 4 km from our house.

A bronze-coloured beetle with a green sheen. (Not very well visible in thess pictures). Pits on the elytra. They live in moist areas like here near a dune lake. 
The newly hatched beetles overwinter in the soil.
Length 5,5 - 7 mm.
Europe, Asia.

Photos 2-4-2014. German: Kleine Uferläufer.  

Subfamily Harpalinae.

Agonum muelleri. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Agonum muelleri. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Agonum muelleri. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Agonum muelleri. Subfamily Elaphrinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Agonum is a large genus. Beetles of this genus can be found all over the world. They have metallic-like glossy colours.
Agonum muelleri has a shiny metallic green head and pronotum. The elytra have a copper coloured or purple sheen.
In the Palearctic, the Nearctic region and the Middle East.

Length 7 - 9 mm.

Photos 30-9-2016.  

Bradycellus verbasci. Not quite sure. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Bradycellus verbasci. Not quite sure. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Bradycellus verbasci. Not quite sure. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Bradycellus verbasci. Not quite sure. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

A reddish-brown ground beetle. Particularly on sandy soils. At night he comes to light. 
There are six other species in the Netherlands: Bradycellus caucasicus, Bradycellus csikii, Bradycellus distinctus, Bradycellus harpalinus, Bradycellus ruficollis, Bradycellus sharpi. 
A
German site for the identification of these species.

Length 4,5 - 5,5  mm.

Photos 18-7-2014.

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Harpalus tardus.

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Harpalus tardus.

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Harpalus tardus.

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Harpalus tardus. Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).
Maybe Harpalus tardus.

Oft on sandy soil. 

Length 8 - 11 mm.

Europe, Central Asia, Northern Africa

Harpalus  Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Photo 23-4-2011. Underside

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Strawberry seed beetle, Harpalus rufipes

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Strawberry seed beetle, Harpalus rufipes

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Strawberry seed beetle, Harpalus rufipes. Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).
Maybe Strawberry seed beetle, Harpalus rufipes.

This harpulus has orange legs and antennae. Yet it is not entirely certain. Because many species are similar.

Length 10 - 17 mm.

Europe, Central Asia, North Africa. Now also in America.

Harpalus. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Maybe Strawberry seed beetle, Harpalus rufipes  Photos 3-7-2011. Underside.  

Harpalus affinis. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

 

Harpalus affinis. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Harpalus affinis. Subfamily Harpalinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes 4 km from our house.

This dark ground beetle has a metallic shine. The colour can vary from black, green, blue or copper.
This harpulus has orange legs and antennae. There are species that look a lot like. One difference is that the Harpalus affinis has short hairs on the edge and on the back. (not shown in the picture)
A common species in dry areas, open fields.

Length 8,5 - 12 mm.

Palearctic, North-America, Australia, Near East.

Photos 21-4-2013.

Subfamily Lebiinae.

Syntomus foveatus. Subfamily Lebiinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Syntomus foveatus. Subfamily Lebiinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Syntomus foveatus. Subfamily Lebiinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Syntomus foveatus. Subfamily Lebiinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

When you find such a small groundbeetle mostly it is a Syntomus or Microlestes.
Syntomus foveatus is a bronze black ground beetle. Often on dry sandy soil between litter.
Length 3 - 4 mm. The beetle in this photo is 3,9 mm.

Photo 03-04-2012.

Subfamily Loricerinae.

Loricera pilicornis. Subfamily Loricerinae. Family: Ground beetles (Carabidae).  Loricera pilicornis. Subfamily Loricerinae. Family: Ground beetles (Carabidae). 
Loricera pilicornis. Subfamily Loricerinae. Family: Ground beetles (Carabidae). 
This ground beetle is easy to recognize because it has long bristles on the first six segments of its antennae. 
Length 6 - 8 mm.
It prefers damp places. This ground beetle feeds on mites and springtails
It hibernates as an adult beetle.
Native to Europe and America.  Photos 20-03-2012.

Subfamily Nebriinae.

Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

A small, dark, shiny bronze ground beetle. Length: 3,5 - 5,5 mm. 
They have large, conspicuous, bulbous eyes They use their stereoscopic vision to locate their prey.
They are found under rocks, leaves and moss. But during the day they sometimes run across the tiles on our terrace. They are difficult to photograph because they always run like other ground beetles.
There are many species. But they are difficult to determine. The third beetle is an other species.
Both adults and larvae are predatory. They feed on small insects, especially springtails
Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

 

Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Notiophilus spec. Subfamily Nebriinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Four years later with an other camera.

Photos 10-10-2012.

Subfamily Pterostichinae.

Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

When it is sunny this little ground beetle is also running across our terras.
Length 8 mm. 
I am unable to tell you the exact species.
Both adults and larvae are known to be carnivores.
Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).
This Amara  I photographed in March 2009. 
The beginning of the antennas is orange. Still it is not possible to find the species.
Again Amara spec.
Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae). Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Amara spec. Subfamily Pterostichinae. Family Ground beetles (Carabidae).

Photo 30-05-2011.  Again two years later with a better camera. But it's still spec. When you want to know more about Amara, you have to look at
this link. (in German). 

 

Much more ground beetles!!!!: www.kerbtier.de/Carabidae

A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari


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   Engels / English                                                                           

English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
 
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

Subpage beetles:  Leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae)  Snout beetles, weevils  Longhorn beetles, similar to longhorn beetles   Rove beetles (Staphylinidae)   Ladybirds, Ladybugs, Coccinellidae    

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