Ladybirds, ladybugs in the garden.


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Ladybirds, ladybugs in the garden.                         


Ladybirds (Coccinellidae). North American: ladybugs. Scientist increasingly prefer: lady(bird) beetles.  

In the Netherlands there are sixty species. They are different in colour, size and spot. Worldwide 5000 species. The Seven-spot ladybird is very common and therefore the best known. From the joints of their legs, they release an orange-yellow liquid as a defense with a strong repellent smell (hemolymph or insect bleed). It is a little predator. Both the larva and the ladybird itself feed on aphids and insects larvae. There are also species, which feed on mildew and even scale insects. In wintertime ladybirds hibernate, often in large groups in sheltered places.
The eggs are laid on or under the leaves. The larval period lasts about three weeks.
You recognize the ladybirds from many other beetles, because they have the form of half ball. But there are also similar beetle species. 
German: Marienkäfer   French: Coccinellidés, coccinelles, bętes ā bon Dieu

 

Ladybird eggs (Coccinellidae).   Ladybird eggs

Ladybird eggs are stuck in clusters under leaves. 
On this photo it is a bamboo leaf. I'm not sure what kind of ladybird has layed this eggs. There were many Asian ladybirds. But a Seven-spot ladybird is also possible. 

  aphids   It was a good spot, for there were many aphids on the bamboo leaves.

 

Subfamily Chilocorinae.

Heather ladybird (Chilocorus bipustulatus). Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae)... Heather ladybird (Chilocorus bipustulatus). Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Heather ladybird (Chilocorus bipustulatus). Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

It looks like the Pine ladybird, but the elytra is more brownish black. The pronotum is black, the head is reddish brown. At the center of the elytra is a short row of transverse red dots, which are usually fused together into an elongated red spot. The elytra has a broadened border. 
Length: 2 - 4 mm. Flying time: Especially from March to April and from August to November. 
They feed on scale insects. On sandy soils with heather and juniper.
Europe, North America, North Africa and West Asia.
Both heather ladybirds I found in the little greenhouse. They had become a bit dusty.  Photos 12-5-2015 and 7-5-2018.

Photos taken 10-4-2015 in the dunes: Heather ladybird (Chilocorus bipustulatus). Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Heather ladybird (Chilocorus bipustulatus). Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  
 
  
Pine ladybird (Exochomus quadripustulatus - Brumus quadripustulatus). Genus Exochomus - Brumus. Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   

Pine ladybird (Exochomus quadripustulatus - Brumus quadripustulatus). Genus Exochomus - Brumus. Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

Almost entirely black. Only on each black elytron are two red spots. The front spot looks like a comma. It is a small,  round ladybird with a pronounced rim around the edge of the wing cases. This ladybird is common, when pines are around. I find it often on the spindles.  
In 2011 I saw a lava (almost pupa) and a pupa of a pine ladybird..

They feed on scale insects and aphids.
Length 3 - 5 mm. Europe, Asia.
German: Strichfleckiger Schildlaus-Marienkäfer.   French: Coccinelle ā virgules     

Photo 10-7-2011  Pine ladybird (Exochomus quadripustulatus - Brumus quadripustulatus). Genus Exochomus - Brumus. Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).    Photo 2-4-2011 In 2011 I saw a lava (almost pupa) and a pupa of a pine ladybird..  Foto 3-7-2011  In 2011 I saw a lava (almost pupa) and a pupa of a pine ladybird.. Foto 19-7-2011
  

Exochomus nigromaculatus. Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae)...Exochomus nigromaculatus. Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

The elytra is black. The pronotum is black with orange sides. Orange legs. Length: 3.2 - 4 mm. Especially from August to October.
They feed on scale insects.  On heathlands.  
Europe. Rare in the Netherlands.
German: Schwarzer Schildlaus-Marienkäfer. 

Exochomus nigromaculatus. Subfamily Chilocorinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Photos 24-9-2016. 
     

 

Subfamily Coccinellinae.

Two-spot ladybird, Two-spotted ladybug (Adalia bipunctata) Genus Adalia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). ..Two-spot ladybird, Two-spotted ladybug (Adalia bipunctata) Genus Adalia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

A very common, easily recognizable ladybug. Only the dots are sometimes so big, that the beetle is black with red spots. Then it is more difficult to recognize it. The legs are black
Length: 3,5 - 5,5 mm. Adult and larva feed on aphids.
Europe, Asia, North America. German: Zweipunkt Fichten-Marienkäfer  French: Coccinelle ā 2 point.  

Two-spot ladybird, Two-spotted ladybug (Adalia bipunctata) Genus Adalia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Photos 28-9-2008.  
  

Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

This ladybird is to recognize by the spots pattern on the pronotum, a "track" on the femur and the short transverse elytral ridge. But the Asian ladybug has the same transverse elytral ridge. It is even more difficult to find the right species, because both species are variable in pattern and colour. In real it is easy, because the ten-spotted ladybird is much smaller. From a photograph it's often difficult to see the differences. Both species have brown orange legs and antennae.
Length: 3,5 - 5 mm. Adult and larva feed on aphids. April - October.  Europe en Asia.
Photo 28-03-2012.
  German: Zehnpunkt-Marienkäfer. 

Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Photos 21-9-2013, 12-4-2014. Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Ten-spotted ladybird, ten-spotted lady beetle (Adalia decempunctata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  An other pattern. Photos 15-8-2013, 13-4-2016, 7-5-2017, 16-6-2017.
 

Larch Ladybird (Aphidecta obliterata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Larch Ladybird (Aphidecta obliterata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).

Until now I had them, like on the bottom photos, found only in the dunes, but this ladybug was our the garden!
A pale brown ladybird without spots and an M-shaped pattern on the pronotum. The shape is slightly elongated. However, there is a different colour variation with an almost black pronotum and with a for a large part dark brown elytra. 
It is found in coniferous forests and is found mainly on spruce trees. Length: 3.5 to 5 mm. The whole year.
It feeds on mealybugs, scale insects and aphids but also
Europe and Middle East. Introduced in North America.
 
Larch Ladybird (Aphidecta obliterata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Larch Ladybird (Aphidecta obliterata). Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Photos 21-4-2015.  
German: Nadelbaum-Marienkäfer. French: Coccinelle Brune. 
  

Calvia decemguttata. Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). .. calvia-decemguttata-2-20-4-2014.jpg (85535 bytes). calvia-decemguttata-5-20-4-2014.jpg (76677 bytes)   

Calvia decemguttata. Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 
 
Photos 20-4-2014. 
German: Licht-Marienkäfer. French: Coccinelle ā 10 points blancs.  

Calvia decemguttata. Larva. Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Larva 11-8-2014.  
  

Cream-spot ladybird (Calvia quatuordecimguttata) Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). .. Cream-spot ladybird (Calvia quatuordecimguttata) Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  . Cream-spot ladybird (Calvia quatuordecimguttata) Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Cream-spot ladybird (Calvia quatuordecimguttata). Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

On the elytra it has 14 white spots. Always on the same place. 
T
his beetle is found mainly in deciduous trees but also on plants.
Adult and larva feed on aphids but also jumping plant lice.
Length 5 - 6,5 mm. Photoss 2-11-2011, 18-4-2011.
German: Blattfloh-Marienkäfer.  French: Coccinelle ā 14 points blanc.

Larva Cream-spot ladybird (Calvia quatuordecimguttata) Genus Calvia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Larva 14-5-2011. 
  

Seven-spot ladybird, Seven-spotted ladybug (Coccinella septempunctata) Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  .. Seven-spot ladybird, Seven-spotted ladybug (Coccinella septempunctata) Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Seven-spot ladybird, Seven-spotted ladybug (Coccinella septempunctata). Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

In the Netherlands the most common ladybird. A red beetle, punctuated with three black spots on each elytron (is a modified, hardened forewing) , with one further spot being spread over the two elytra, making a total of seven spots. The pronotum is black with a white spot on the side.
Adult and larva feed on aphids. Length 6 - 8 mm . Europe, Asia, North-America. They are introduced to North America to reduce aphid numbers. Photos 3-7-2011, 4-8-2010. 
German: Siebenpunkt-Marienkäfer, Siebenpunkt.  French: Coccinelle ā sept points.

larva Seven-spot ladybird, Seven-spotted ladybug (Coccinella septempunctata) Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 
pupa Seven-spot ladybird, Seven-spotted ladybug (Coccinella septempunctata) Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  larva,  pupa seven-spot ladybird. Photo 12-5-2007 and 14-5-2007. 
  

Eleven-spot ladybird, Eleven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella undecimpunctata). Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). .. Eleven-spot ladybird, Eleven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella undecimpunctata). Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . Eleven-spot ladybird, Eleven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella undecimpunctata). Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . Eleven-spot ladybird, Eleven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella undecimpunctata). Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Eleven-spot ladybird, Eleven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella undecimpunctata). Genus Coccinella. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

It looks like the Seven-spot ladybird. But it is much smaller and has 9 to 11 dots. The spots on the shoulders are sometimes absent or very small. Sometimes the spots (like in these photos) are surrounded by a narrow yellow ring. The underside is black. The pronotum is black with a white spot on the sides. 
Europe, Africa, Asia. They are also introduced in Australia and New Zealand.  Photos 25-3-2014. 
German: Elfpunkt-Marienkäfer.  French: Coccinelle ā onze points. 
  

Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). .. Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

An orange ladybird with 16 creamy-white coloured spots (sometimes 14 spots). The head and legs are also orange. The eyes are black. Its elytra and pronotum (the hardened plate that protects its thorax and head) are almost transparent around the rim. Frequently found around maples and ashes  
Length: 6-9 mm. Adult and larva feed on mildew in stead of aphids.
April - October. Palearctic.
Photos 21-4-2008, 2-6-2007, 7-7-2007. German: Sechzehnfleckiger Pilz-Marienkäfer. French: Grande Coccinelle orange.  
  

larva Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  larva Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  pupa Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . pupa Orange ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) Genus Halyzia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Orange Ladybird (Halyzia sedecimguttata) larva and pupa. 

On 30 September 2007 I saw this larva on an Euphorbia triangularis. I did not expect a nymph of an orange ladybird on this time and on this plant. The photos of the pupa have been taken on 5 October. Two days before it was still a larva. Like the larvae of the 22 spot ladybird the larvae are yellow.  
  

Cream-streaked ladybird (Harmonia quadripunctata). Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Cream-streaked ladybird (Harmonia quadripunctata). Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).. Cream-streaked ladybird (Harmonia quadripunctata). Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).. Cream-streaked ladybird (Harmonia quadripunctata). Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Cream-streaked ladybird (Harmonia quadripunctata). Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

A variable ladybird. Features: No spots or up to sixteen. The spots are always at the same place. 1 spot on the front side, 2 x 3 spots and again 1. This Cream-streaked ladybird has clearly visible spots. But the spots can be much smaller or light brown. The beetle can be both red and yellow. The red beetles usually have yellow stripes lengthwise. The pronotum has a striking black speckled pattern. 
The  ladybird in this picture is very recognizable. But such large dark spots and such an orange-yellow colour is not very common. 
This is the first Cream-streaked ladybird, I found in the garden. Photos 12-11-2011.
German: Vierpunktuger Marienkäfer, French: Coccinelle arlequin.

Cream-streaked ladybird (Harmonia quadripunctata). Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Other colour 6-10-2016. 
   

Variegated Lady beetle (Hippodamia variegata). Subfamilie typical ladybirds (Coccinellinae). Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). ..http:// Variegated Lady beetle (Hippodamia variegata). Subfamilie typical ladybirds (Coccinellinae). Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . Variegated Lady beetle (Hippodamia variegata). Subfamilie typical ladybirds (Coccinellinae). Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Variegated Lady beetle (Hippodamia variegata). Subfamilie typical ladybirds (Coccinellinae). Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). One kilometer from our house. 

The border of the pronotum is white. At the spot in the middle of both elytra you usually see white as well. It is rather elongated. On the rear half elytra there are three large spots and on the front there usually are one to three small spots next to the center spot (the ladybug on the small pictures without spot). Length 3-6 mm. Native to the Palearctic region, it has also spread to many other areas like parts of North America, Asia, Africa, Australia. Photos 28-8-2017. German: Variable Flach-Marienkäfer.

Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

This is a small variable yellow ladybird with an checkerboard pattern. The fourteen black squarish spots on the elytra can bee separate. But often  several of the spots are fused into larger markings.  
Adult and larva feed on aphids. Length about 4 mm. Europe, Asia, North America.
German: Schachbrett-Marienkäfer.  French: Coccinelle ā échiquier.  

Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).   
Foto's 16-5-2010, 6-9-2012, 20-4-2014, 22-4-2014, 30-4-2014, 30-5-2014.
larva Fourteen-spot ladybird, Fourteen spotted ladybug (Propylea quatuordecimpunctata). Genus Propylea. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Larva fourteen-spot ladybird. Photo 13-5-2011.
  
  

22 spot ladybird (Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata). Larva. Genus Psyllobora. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). .. 22 spot ladybird (Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata) Genus Psyllobora. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . 22 spot ladybird (Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata). Genus Psyllobora. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). . 22 spot ladybird (Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata). Genus Psyllobora. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  22 spot ladybird (Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata). Genus Psyllobora. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

A small bright yellow ladybird with  22  black spots on the elytra. The pronotum
of the male seems to be lighter. (Photo below) 
Length: 3 - 4,5 mm.  April - September.
Adult and larva feed on mildew. The larva are bright yellow too. Europe , North-Africa and Asia. 
Photos 15-10-2007, 14-7-2013.
  A darker 22 spot laydybird, photo 31-10-2012. German: Gemeiner Pilz-Marienkäfer. French: Coccinelle ā 22.  

Citroenlieveheersbeestje (Psyllobora vigintiduopunctata). Larve. Genus Psyllobora. Onderfamilie Coccinellinae. Familie Lieveheersbeestjes (Coccinellidae). 
Larva 22 spot ladybird. Photo 3-7-2016. points

 

Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) isn't a native ladybird in Europe.  
This insect is native to northeastern Asia and has been introduced In Europe and America to control agricultural pests. But now it is spreading rapidly throughout the United States and Europe.
Asian lady beetle has a black mark on the pronotum that looks like an  "M". ( not always visible) There’s a wide variation in background colour and number of spots. The elytra usually display a wide transverse "keel" at the apex. They have all kinds of colours and several numbers of dots. They have pale brown legs. Just like the other ladybirds they hibernate in clusters. 
Length: 5 - 8 mm. May - November
12 May 2007 I saw the first Multicoloured Asian ladybird (Harmonia axyridis) in the garden. Now it is the most common ladybird.
In 2003 the first Asian ladybirds were found in the Netherlands. In 2004 in Belgium and England.

German: Asiatische Marienkäfer  French: Coccinelle asiatique multicolore 


On the forum "waarneming" this is the most used classification of the variations in colour: (Each name is linked to photos on "Waarneming") 

Harmonia axyridis f. equicolor   The front half orange (possibly with some black spots) and the rear half black. Rare! Not photographed.
Harmonia axyridis f. succinea orange/red with 0-19 black spots. The most of my "Asians" belong to this variation in colour.
Harmonia axyridis f. conspicua black with two spots. 
Harmonia axyridis f. axyridis black with 12 spots (2+1+2+1)  Rare! Not photographed. 
Harmonia axyridis f. spectabilis
black with four spots.   
  

Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 
Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).              
Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).           
Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis)

Variation in colour: Harmonia axyridis f. succinea orange/red with 0-19 black spots. The most of my "Asians" belong to this variation in colour. 
 

Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Veelkleurig Aziatisch lieveheersbeestje (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Onderfamilie Coccinellinae. Familie Lieveheersbeestjes (Coccinellidae).
Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

Variation in colour: Harmonia axyridis f. conspicua black with two spots.  Photo 20-05-2007, 4-7-2012, 7-7-2012.  
  

Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 
Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 

Variation in colour: Harmonia axyridis f. spectabilis  black with four spots.  Photo 20-05-2007, 4-7-2012, 7-7-2012.

 

Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).      
The first Asian ladybird on the photo to the right has only six dots. The black mark on the pronotum don't looks like an  "M". The patron is similar to the Ten-Spot Ladybird Beetle (Adalia decempunctata) Like the Asian ladybird it has a wide transverse "keel" at the apex. The Ten-Spot Ladybird Beetle is smaller (3,5 - 5 mm)
The second Asian ladybird has no dots. Maybe because it is very young. Photos 16-6-2009 and 8-7-2009.
     
Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 
Dark Multicoloured Asian ladybirds (Harmonia axyridis)  

These photos were taken in November 2007. Multicoloured Asian ladybirds lay eggs until late in the year. Later than the other species. The beetles, which pupate are darker then.
Probably because it takes longer to emerge. (Because it gets colder, darker, moister) The last beetle was deformed.

Larva Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Larvae Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).Pupa Harlequin ladybird, Multicoloured Asian ladybird, Asian lady beetle,  Japanese ladybug (Harmonia axyridis) Genus Harmonia. Subfamily Coccinellinae. Family Ladybirds, ladybugs (Coccinellidae).
Multicoloured Asian ladybirds (Harmonia axyridis). Larvae and pupa. Photos 2007.

The larvae are black / blue-gray. Orange L-shaped spot on each side withe 4 orange spines. They are voracious predators. If there are too few aphids, they are also eat larvae of other ladybirds. The doll can be recognized by the white pines at the end of the flayed skin.
In 2007 I saw the first Harmonia axyridis. I saw many. In the middle picture, I had shaken a branch of plum tree. The right picture is of a pupa on a plum.
Hesperomyces virescens. Family of fungy Laboulbeniaceae. An ectoparasitic fungus on an Asian ladybird.   Hesperomyces virescens. Family of fungy Laboulbeniaceae. An ectoparasitic fungus on an Asian ladybird.

Hesperomyces virescens is only known for ladybugs and has Harmonia Axyridis as the main host. They can be confused with yellow pollen. Hesperomyces virescens is one of the few types of Laboulbeniales, which pierce the host's chitin pantser. The parasite is not deadly for the ladybird. Photo: 13-6-2017.

An extensive research can be found on the website from Danny Haelewaters www.dannyhaelewaters.com/ .

 

One species I have photographed in France:

5-spot ladybird (Coccinella quinquepunctata)   

5-spot ladybird (Coccinella quinquepunctata). Subfamilie typical ladybirds (Coccinellinae). Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).

They feed on aphids and larvae of leaf beetles. This ladybird also lives in the Netherlands. But unfortunately not in our garden. The spots at the rear and of the elytra can be small. Then they are more difficult to recognize.
Length 3.5 - 5 mm.   

 

Subfamily Scymninae.
Ladybugs, which are unknown to many people. They are very tiny ladybugs of about 2 mm. In the Netherlands there are 25 known species, including 23 native species.

Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a female Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope... Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a female Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.. Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a female Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.. Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a female Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.  Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a female Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.

In 2014 I saw the first Scymnus. Before I could make a clear picture of the 2 mm large beetle, it had disappeared.
Dark and hairy. Head, legs and backside are orange red. It looks like Scymnus auritus.
Photos 20-4-2014.
   
Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a male Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope... Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a male Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.. Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a male Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.. Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a male Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.. Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a male Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.  Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Maybe a male Scymnus auritus, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.

Two days later I saw another Scymnus. This ladybug flew away before I could take more pictures. 
Dark and hairy. Cup, legs, antennae and back are orange. Maybe it's a male Scymnus auritus. In the male, the pronotum is orange red with black in the middle. The pronotum of the female is the completely black. 
Food: mites. Length 2 - 2,5 mm
. Photos 22-4-2014.
Scymnus rubromaculatus. Male. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). ..  Scymnus rubromaculatus. Male. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Scymnus rubromaculatus. Male. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). 
Wide oval, 1.8-2.3 mm, rather curved. Only the male's head and pronotum are red. Antenna and mouth parts are yellow. Looks like Scymnus auritus, but it has a black edge at the end of the elytra. Photos 2-4-2019.
   
Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). It looks like Scymnus schmidti, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope. .. Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). It looks like Scymnus schmidti, but to have certainty they need to be under the microscope.   Scymnus spec. Genus Scymnus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). It looks like Scymnus schmidti, Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

This Scymnus was slightly larger. Scymnus schmidti has a red spot on the black, hairy elytron. But the black form of Scymnus frontalis and Scymnus mimulus has also these spots. Unfortunately, antennae and legs are not visible.
Length 2,5 - 3 mm
. Photos 25-6-2014.  


Black species from the subfamily Scymninae, which can not be determined from a picture at all. They can belong to the following genera: Scymnus, Nephus and (for black species) also Stethorus. These genera and species are usually to determine only after microscopic examination. (Jan Cuppen thanks for the explanation). I can send them for examination, but I know again no name, when I find the next small black ladybird. So I let them go.

An exception:

Stethorus punctillum Synoniem: Stethorus pusillus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).Stethorus punctillum Synoniem: Stethorus pusillus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).    
Stethorus punctillum Synonym: Stethorus pusillus

Very similar to Scymnus ater en Scymnus nigrinus. Different from black Scymnus species due to their hair on the wing seam, which is directed towards the sides of the Scymnus species, but with Stethorus the hair is parallel to the seam.
various spider mites and small aphid species.
1,2-1,5 mm. Very small! Photos 3-10-2018.

Stethorus punctillum Synoniem: Stethorus pusillus. Subfamily Scymninae. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Detail of the hairs.

 

Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).    
Subfamily ScymninaeScymnus, Nephus or Stethorus.

Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Photos 30-6-2015.
    

Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).    
Subfamily ScymninaeScymnus, Nephus or Stethorus.

Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).  Photos 30-6-2015.
    

Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae).    
Subfamily ScymninaeScymnus, Nephus or Stethorus.

Subfamily Scymninae:  Scymnus, Nephus or Stethorus. Family ladybirds / ladybugs (Coccinellidae). Photos 18-9-2015.
    

 

Ladybirds, ladybugs on Stippen  Kees van der Krieke   Ladybirds, ladybugs on Kerbtier Themenseite Christoph Benisch
A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari   An English site about beetles  Beetle Gallery
An German site about beetles  www.koleopterologie.de    

I want to thank everyone, who has helped me on "waarneming.nl" to identify. 


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