Small beetles in the garden


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Small beetles in the garden   

The family beetles, which for the most part consist of small beetles, I have put on a separate page. It's an alfabetical sequence. I have used the scientific (Latin) name of the families.

Anobiidae.
Beetles with a cylindrical body, the head is usually hidden under the pronotum. The larvae of some species live in wood and bore into wood. (woodworm or wood borer)

Ptilinus pectinicornis Family Anobiidae male.. Ptilinus pectinicornis Family Anobiidae female. Ptilinus pectinicornis Family Anobiidae  Ptilinus pectinicornis. Family Anobiidae.
These beetles live in our garden in a dead trunk of an apple tree. The male are walking around while waving the distinctive comb like antennae. The antennae of the female are saw like.
They excavate a brood chamber in wood to lay eggs
In the Netherlands you also have the Ptilinus fusca. The "comb" of the antenna of males of this species is shorter. Length: 4 - 5,5 mm. Photos 21-5-2011. Male and female.  
Woodworm or wood borer. Family Anobiidae. Maybe Anobium spec. .. Woodworm or wood borer. Family Anobiidae. Maybe Anobium spec.   Woodworm or wood borer. Family Anobiidae. Maybe Anobium spec. 
The antennas are shaped differently to those of the Ptilinus. There are several species, which are very similar.
The Dutch name "klopkever = knock beetle" has been given because the beetle larva makes a knocking sound, when it makes a hole in the wood. In particular, the common furniture beetle (Anobium punctatum) can be damaging to the wood of houses and furniture. Recognizable by the small round exit holes of 1-2 mm into the wood. Length: 3 - 4 mm. Photos 13-8-2013.  
Ivy Boring Beetle (Ochina ptinoides). Family Anobiidae... Ivy Boring Beetle (Ochina ptinoides). Family Anobiidae.  Ivy Boring Beetle (Ochina ptinoides). Family Anobiidae.
A small dark brown beetle with front and back on the elytra light gray pubescence.
The larvae bore holes in the stems of ivy. Adults can also be found on other plants, although this one was in the ivy.
May-August. Length: 2.5 - 3.8 mm. He seems even smaller here because of the downwardly bent head. Europe, the Near East, North Africa. Photos 21-6-2018.  

Fruitworms (Byturidae).
The larvae develop in fruits.

Raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus). Family Fruitworms (Byturidae)... Raspberry beetle  (Byturus tomentosus) Family Fruitworms (Byturidae). Raspberry beetle  (Byturus tomentosus) Family Fruitworms (Byturidae) Raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus). Family Fruitworms (Byturidae).
Two small beetles on the flower of the
greater celandine. They feed on pollen and nectar. It lays eggs on the flowers of raspberry, blackberry and loganberry plants. which hatch into pale brown larvae. The pale brown larvae lives in the fruit. 
I always examine the raspberries before I start to eat.
In late summer, the larvae move into the soil where they hibernate as pupae. The beetle lives three months.
Of course this beetle
is a pest. It is a common species in north-central Europe.
Size about four mm. There is not much difference with the Byturus aestivus. B. tomentosus has smaller eyes. Small photos 1-5-2009.
German: Himbeerkäfer  French: Ver des framboises.
Raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus). Family Fruitworms (Byturidae).
13-7-2016. They can be grey.
   

Silken fungus beetles (Cryptophagidae).
Length of 0.8 (genus Ephistemus) to five millimeters (genus Antherophagus). Usually brown, reddish brown or black. The shape of the beetles is generally elongated or cylindrical. The end of the antennas is broadened. The beetles and larvae live in organic waste and feed on fungi, feces and young plants. Subfamilies are: Alfieriellinae, Atomariinae, Cryptophaginae, Hypocoprinae, Telmatophilinae. Usually they are not to identify from a photo.

Silken fungus beetle spec. Cryptophagus spec or Micrambe spec. Subfamily Cryptophaginae. Family Dwergschimmelkevers (Cryptophagidae)... Silken fungus beetle spec. Cryptophagus spec or Micrambe spec. Subfamily Cryptophaginae. Family Dwergschimmelkevers (Cryptophagidae).  Silken fungus beetle spec. Cryptophagus spec or Micrambe spec. Subfamily Cryptophaginae. Family Dwergschimmelkevers (Cryptophagidae).
Only one picture because it flew away immediately. The wings are remarkably long.
Length about 3 mm. Photos 22-2-2014. German: Schimmelkäfer.    

Dermestidae.
The larvae feed on dried meat, vegetable material, wool, silk and fur. English names are skin beetles, larder beetle, hide beetle, leather beetles, carpet beetles and khapra beetles.

Anthrenus fuscus. Family: Dermestidae... Anthrenus fuscus. Family: Dermestidae.. Anthrenus fuscus. Family: Dermestidae. Anthrenus fuscus. Family Dermestidae.
Slightly smaller and darker than the Anthrenus verbasci. It looks more like the Anthrenus museorum. The sides of the pronotum of both species are white. However, the shape of the antennas is different. The beetles feed on pollen and nectar. Size: 2 - 3 mm.
The larvae  feed on a variety of animal products such as woolens, carpets, hides, feathers, horns, bone and insect pupae. They can be pests in houses and museums and in insect collections.
In house they can damage clothes, furniture, carpets etc. In nature they are found in nests of birds and on dead animals.  Photos 30-5-2014.
   
Varied carpet beetle (Anthrenus verbasci).. carpet beetles (Anthrenus). carpet beetles (Anthrenus)   Varied carpet beetle (Anthrenus verbasci). Family Dermestidae.
The colour patron is variable. The beetles feed on pollen and nectar.
Size: 3 mm  On this photo the beetle was hidden on a flower of feverfew. They look like the museum beetle (Anthrenus museorum) and the Anthrenus pellio.
The larvae  feed on a variety of animal products such as woolens, carpets, hides, feathers, horns, bone and insect pupae. They can be pests in houses and museums and in insect collections. In house they can damage clothes, furniture, carpets etc In nature they are found in nests of birds and on dead animals. 
In 2009 I saw much more carpet beetles on the feverfew. Maybe other species of the family. 
German: Wollkrautblütenkäfer.    
Family: Dermestidae. Larvae. Family: Dermestidae. Larvae. Family: Dermestidae. Pupa. Family: Dermestidae. Larvae en pupa.
I don't know the species, because they are quite similar. Striking hairy larvae. The description you can read above. First two photos 11-11-2012. The last photo of the pupa 8-2-2013.
   
Fur beetle, carpet beetler (Attagenus pellio). Family: Dermestidae... Fur beetle, carpet beetler (Attagenus pellio). Family: Dermestidae.   Fur beetle, carpet beetler (Attagenus pellio). Family: Dermestidae.
On the dark elyta two patches of white hairs. They are oval shaped. 
The live like the Varied carpet beetle. The beetles feed on pollen and nectar.
Length 4 - 6 mm. Photo left: Trying to turn.  Photos 23-3-2012.  

Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae).
The beetles of this family life of fungi and their spores. They are very small. The family is divided into the subfamilies Corticariinae and Latridiinae.

Cartodere nodifer. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). .. Cartodere nodifer. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). . Cartodere nodifer. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae).  Cartodere nodiferSubfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). 
Black brown, black. The pronotum has a white border, at the end of the elytra is a bump. 
Length 1.6 - 2 mm long.  They feed on fungi.  Worldwide.  Photos 30-6-2014.
   
Dienerella spec. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). Maybe Dienerella elongata, but that is not certain... Dienerella spec. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). Maybe Dienerella elongata, but that is not certain.  Dienerella spec. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). Maybe Dienerella elongata, but that is not certain.
An entirely red-brown elongated beetle. Length of this beetle is 1.7 mm.
They feed on fungi. Photos 26-10-2014.

Dienerella spec. Subfamily Latridiinae. Family Minute brown scavenger beetles (Latridiidae). Maybe Dienerella elongata, but that is not certain.
My thumb, graph paper and Dienerella to give an impression of the size of the beetle.  

Leiodidae

Leiodes spec. Family Leiodidae... Leiodes spec. Family Leiodidae.. Leiodes spec. Family Leiodidae.  Leiodes spec. Family Leiodidae.
I found it on the windowsill. Leiodes because of the antennae and the spurs on the two back legs. But I don’t know the species. They feed exclusively by fungi.
German: Schwammkugelkäfer.  

Malachiidae
They live on pollen, dead insects and sometimes living insects such as aphids.

Anthocomus fasciatus. Family Malachiidae... Anthocomus fasciatus. Family Malachiidae.  Anthocomus fasciatus. Family Malachiidae.
A small beetle, which quickly flew away. (in the bottom picture). Black with red spots on the soft elytra. They look like the Anthocomus bipunctatus. The front red spots on the elytron of the A. bipunctatus are larger. 
The larvae are
predators and live in the soil, compost.
April - June. Length 3 - 4  mm.  Photos 2-4-2011, 28-4-2015.
Dubbelvlekbasterdweekschild, Dubbelgevlekte bastaardweekschildkever (Anthocomus fasciatus). Familie Bastaardweekschildkevers (Malachiidae).    The spots of this beetle are yellow and red.   
Cordylepherus viridis. Family Malachiidae. .. Cordylepherus viridis. Family Malachiidae.   Cordylepherus viridis.   In the dunes about 4 km from our house.
It looks a lot like the slightly larger Malachius bipustulatus. A blue green beetle. Both species have a red spot on the end of the elytra (with C. bipustulatus little clearer) and a yellow snout.
The larvae are predators and usually live under the bark. April - June Length 4-5 mm. Photos 6-6-2014.
   
Common Malachite Beetle (Malachius bipustulatus). Male. Family Malachiidae.  Common Malachite Beetle (Malachius bipustulatus). Family Malachiidae.
An emerald green (sometimes bronze-colored) beetle. A bright red spot on the end of the elytra. The anterior angles of pronotum are often small red.
The larvae are predators and usually live under the bark. April - July, August. Length 5.5 - 6 mm. Photos 5-5-2018.
Common Malachite Beetle (Malachius bipustulatus). Male. Family Malachiidae.
In the male, antenna segment 2 and 4 with yellow hairs. So this is a male.
    
Sphinginus lobatus. Family Malachiidae. .. Sphinginus lobatus. Family Malachiidae. -3-12-6-2.jpg (78274 bytes) Sphinginus lobatus. Family Malachiidae. Rare! First sighting in North Holland.!  
A very small rare beetle. Black with yellow, orange. Length 2,5 - 3  mm.   Photos 12-6-2012.
   

Sap beetles (Nitidulidae) 
Ovoid, small (2–6 mm) beetles, with knobbed antennae. They feed mainly on over-ripe fruit, decaying vegetable matter and sap.  

Epuraea bigutta, synonym Epuraea unicolor (not quite surer!). Subfamily Epuraeinae. Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae).   Epuraea bigutta, synonym Epuraea unicolor (not quite surer!)Subfamily Epuraeinae. Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae). 
Not quite sure, because there are similar species. Epuraea bigutta is now the most commonly used name. A brown beetle with two dark brown round spots on the elytra. Length about 3 mm. Photo 23-2-2016. 
  
Genus Pollen beetles (Meligethes) Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae) .. Genus Pollen beetles (Meligethes). Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae).  Genus Pollen beetles (Meligethes). Subfamily Pollen Beetles,Meligethinae. Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae). 
There are many similar species. These beetles were on the buds of the Dame’s Rocket, Damask Violet. In May there were many.
On the crucifers can be found all kinds of species of the Meligethes. But the larvae feed on particular plant species. They are damaging the buds.
German: Rapsglanzkäfer. 
Genus Pollen beetles (Meligethes). Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae).  Photo 9-4-2013. Jan Cuppen Thanks for your advice.   
Soronia grisea  Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae) .. Soronia grisea  Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae)    Soronia grisea. Subfamily Nitidulinae. Family Sap beetles (Nitidulidae) 
The brown beetle has a striking spotted elytra and pronotum. Size 4 to 5 mm.
Photo 17-4-2011.  

Shining flower beetles (Phalacridae).
Small, oval, glossy beetles. Adult beetles usually on flowers and grasses. The larvae of the genus Olibrus feed on flower heads of Compositae.

Olibrus. Family Shining flower beetles (Phalacridae)... Olibrus. Family Shining flower beetles (Phalacridae).  Olibrus. Family Shining flower beetles (Phalacridae).
A shiny brown-black beetle. There are a number of species that cannot be determined from the photo. This beetle was approximately 2.5 mm. Photos 10-4-2019.

Featherwing beetles (Ptiliidae).
There are in the Netherlands two subfamilies Acrotrichinae and Ptiliinae. In Europe also the subfamily Nanosellinae. Light brown, dark brown, light legs. The body shape is either spherical, oval or more elongated. The wings of some species do not cover the entire rear body. The narrow wings have along the edges long feathery hairs. They can fly.
The beetles and larvae live in decaying wood and decaying plant parts or the foliage. They feed on spores of fungi.

Acrotrichis spec. Subfamilie Acrotrichinae. Family featherwing beetles (Ptiliidae)... Acrotrichis spec. Subfamilie Acrotrichinae. Family featherwing beetles (Ptiliidae). Acrotrichis spec. Subfamilie Acrotrichinae. Family featherwing beetles (Ptiliidae).
A very small beetle, which of course easily can be overlooked. On the left with a springtail. In the Netherlands there are 23 similar species. The pronotum is pointed on the back cornors. The rear body is conical in shape.
The beetles live under rotting vegetable matter and damp leaves. This beetle I found in the moss at the pond.
Length 0,5-1,1 mm. Photos 7-4-2017.   

Narrow-waisted bark beetles (Salpingidae).
They live mostly under the bark of deciduous and coniferous trees. They are predators of beetles in the wood, bark beetles (Scolytidae) and the larvae.

Salpingus planirostris. Family Narrow-waisted bark beetles (Salpingidae)... Salpingus planirostris. Family Narrow-waisted bark beetles (Salpingidae).  Salpingus planirostris. Family Narrow-waisted bark beetles (Salpingidae).
When you see this beetle, you think of a weevil and a ground beetle. A shiny black beetle with a striking red broad, flat snout. Length: About 3,5 mm. Photos 15-7-2012.  

Marsh Beetles ( Scirtidae).
Usually found on vegetation near water. The larvae live in the water and feed on fungi, algae etc. Subfamilies are Stenocyphoninae, Nipponocyphoninae and Scirtinae.

Cyphon padi. Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae)... Cyphon padi. Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae).  Cyphon padi. Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae).
A small shiny dark brown hairy beetle. Part of the elytra is light brown. If you see the Cyphon padi, you're confusing it easily with a small leaf beetle. In the 19th century, it was also placed in the leaf beetle family (Chrysomelidae).
Length about 2,3 - 2,5 mm. Photos 20-4-2014.  
Prionocyphon serricornis. Probably!!  Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae)... Prionocyphon serricornis. Probably!!  Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae)..Prionocyphon serricornis. Probably!!  Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae). Prionocyphon serricornis.   Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae).
A shiny oval yellowish brown hairy beetle.  The larvae develop in water-filled holes in deciduous trees. The beetles are found under the bark or in moist organic waste.Length about 3,5 - 4,5 mm. Photos 4-7-2014.
Scirtes spec.  Scirtes orbiculatus or  Scirtes hemisphaericus. Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae).  Scirtes spec.  Scirtes orbiculatus or  Scirtes hemisphaericus. Subfamily Scirtinae. Family Marsh Beetles (Scirtidae).
A round, oval beetle that can jump very well (thick hind femurs).

Scirtes orbiculatus: 3-3.8 mm. Forewings very dense and fine punctured, points usually connected by transverse wrinkles. Gray shiny hairs, longer hair on the top. The front wings were flattened slightly wider along the side edge. Normal colour is chestnut brown, but occasionally there are very dark parts. In males, the large spine (spur) is on the hind tiba is bent inwards. June-September. Shrubs and low riparian vegetation with stagnant water.

Scirtes hemisphaericus: 3-3.8 mm. Fore wings very dense and fine punctured, points are not connected. The top is dark and unremarkable hairs, finer hair. The front wings along the side edge only narrowly flattened. Black brown. Base antennas and legs lighter. Sometimes the whole beetle is lighter chestnut brown. In males, the large spine (spur) is on the hind tibia straight. May-August. On bushes and marsh vegetation.
Photos 30-7-2008.      

Scraptiidae.

Anaspis spec. Familie  Scraptiidae .. Maybe Anaspis regimbarti. I'm not sure.  Anaspis spec. Familiy Scraptiidae.
The species of this family are small, elongated, oval beetles. The length is 3 or 4 mm. From a photograph, they are not easy to determine. It looks like an Anapsis frontalis, when I look at pictures on google.
You find them on flowers and dead wood. The larvae develop in rotten wood and decaying leaves on the ground.
They resemble the beetles of the related family Mordellidae.  
Photo left 6-6-2012. An other Anapsis. Maybe Anaspis regimbarti. I'm not sure.
  
Anaspis humeralis. Familiy Scraptiidae... Anaspis humeralis. Familiy Scraptiidae. Anaspis fasciata, synonym Anaspis humeralis. (not quite sure!!) Familiy Scraptiidae.
This black anaspis is to identify because of the pale brown front part of the elytra. The first part of the antennas is also pale brown. Length about 3 mm. Photos 2-5-2015. 
   

Ant-like stone beetles or scydmaenids (Scydmaenidae).
Many Scydmanids have a narrowing between the head and thorax and between the thorax and abdomen. Therefore they resemble an ant. They are very small beetles of a half to three mm mm. They live in leaf litter and decaying plant material. The larvae and beetle feed on mites.

Ant-like stone beetle or scydmaenid. Ant-like stone beetles or scydmaenids (Scydmaenidae)... Ant-like stone beetles or scydmaenids (Scydmaenidae).   Ant-like stone beetle or scydmaenid (Scydmaenidae).
Under a small plank at the compost heap. Very small and it was still walking around on the plank. The photographs are therefore not very sharp. Some species seem are known to feed on oribatid mites. That would be possible, because there are oribatid mites on the same plank. But I'm of course not sure.
Length 1 - 2 mm. Photos 28-3-2012
An oribatid mite under the same plank. Smaller than one mm.   An oribatid mite under the same plank. Smaller than one mm.
  

Silvanidae. 
In general, they are small, brownish, flattened beetles. Many genera have the lateral margins of the pronotum dentate or denticulate. There are two subfamilies: Brontinae and Silvaninae. They feed on fungi.

A beetle of the subfamily Silvaninae. Maybe a Silvanus. Family Silvanidae. .. A beetle of the subfamily Silvaninae. Maybe a Silvanus. Family Silvanidae.   A beetle of the subfamily Silvaninae. Maybe a Silvanus. Family Silvanidae. 
In the Netherlands there are two species: Silvanus bidentatus 2,7 - 3,3 mm and Silvanus unidentatus 2,4 - 2,8 mm.  Photos 17-7-2015.
  

 

I want to thank everyone, who has helped me (waarneming.nl) to identify. In particular, Jan Cuppen and Theodoor Heijerman.

A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari   An English site about beetles  Beetle Gallery
An German site about beetles www.kerbtier.de   An German site about beetles  www.koleopterologie.de

 

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Subpage beetles    Ground beetles (Carabidae)      Leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae)      Snout beetles, weevils      Longhorn beetles, similar to longhorn beetles      Ladybirds, Ladybugs, Coccinellidae      Rove beetles (Staphylinidae)

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