plant bugs, miridae


English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
home
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

To the Dutch website / Naar de Nederlandse website.Nederlands / Dutch

Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs",   True bugs (Pentatomoidea),    Seed bugs (Lygaeidae),      Cicadas   

                                                          Plant bugs, Miridae in the garden.

Plantbugs, Miridae. Suborder of the bugs (Heteroptera). This is a very large family with over 10.000 species in the world. The bugs in many subfamilies are different shaped. Some species are known because they are a pest to agriculture. They feed on plant juices. These juices are absorbed with their snout.
Plant bugs, Miridae can be distinguished from the pirate bugs, Anthocoriden bugs and the groud bugs, Lygaeidae by the absence of ocelli. An ocellus, plural ocelli is also called a simple eye or pigment pit. Many insects have three on their foreheads. They seem to distinguish light and dark.
Therefore, these bugs has the Dutch name "blind bugs". But of course they can see well.

Subfamily Bryocorinae.

Tribe: Bryocorini.
Small brown bugs. They are found on ferns.

Monalocoris filicis. Tribe: Bryocorini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Monalocoris filicis. Nymph.Tribe: Bryocorini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Monalocoris filicis. Nymph.Tribe: Bryocorini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Monalocoris filicis. Tribe: Bryocorini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Monalocoris filicis. Tribe: Bryocorini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

A small golden-brown bug with a pale orange head. 
You can find it on the ferns. Monalocoris filicis feeds primarily on sperangia. (containing the spores). On the picture it is on the underside of a fern. The nymph on a hart's-tongue fern.

The whole year. The adult overwinters. One generation.
Length 2 - 3 mm. Palearctic.

Photo 2-7-2012, 8-8-2016. 

 

Tribe: Dicyphini. Slender bugs to 5.5 mm.

Campyloneura virgula. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Campyloneura virgula. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Campyloneura virgula. Nymph. Tribe: Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Campyloneura virgula. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae. Campyloneura virgula. Tribe Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

I had already photographed this bug as a nymph. The nymphs have red yellow striped antennae. The adult bug on this picture also has striped antennae. But usually they haven't. The cuneus is bright yellow. 
It's a predatory bug and it feeds on insects such as aphids and red mites. They are found mainly in deciduous trees such as hazel, hawthorn and oak. In the garden I see them on other trees or shrubs. Like redflower currant, birch and even bamboo.
Length 4-5 mm. July - October. The adult overwinters.
Palearctic, but now also in North America.
Photos 16-6-2009, 15-7-2012.
German:  Rotbeinige Baumwanze  French: Punaise à pattes rousses.

An old photo of an issus with a nymph Campyloneura virgula. An old photo of an issus with a nymph Campyloneura virgula.

Dicyphus globulifer. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Dicyphus globulifer. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

DicDicyphus globulifer. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

 

Dicyphus globulifer. Tribe Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

A small bug with pale legs. The antennae are entirely black. The elytra is brownish, the head is black. Striking are the white sides of the scutellum.
They live on plants of the pink family (Caryophyllaceae). They are often found on red and white campion (Lychnis). 

All year. The adult overwinters. Probably several generations.
Length up to 3.5 to 4 mm. Palearctic.

Photos 20-7-2011, 11-3-2014, 15-5-2014.

 

Dicyphus errans. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Dicyphus errans. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Dicyphus errans. Tribe: Dicyphini. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Dicyphus errans. Tribe Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

A predatory bug like you can see in the picture. In real you don't recognize it immediately as a bug, because it is so small, slim and shiny. Like a small wasp or gnat.
It lives on many different plants.
June - October. Probably two generations. 
Length 4,5 - 5 mm. Palearctic.

Photo 16-8-2011

6-7-2013. This bug I found in the scullery. The transparent wings are clearly visible in the pictures.

 

Tupiocoris rhododendri. Tribe Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

 

Tupiocoris rhododendri. Tribe Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Tupiocoris rhododendri. Tribe Dicyphini. Subfamily Bryocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. (200 meter from ur home)

A black head, thorax and scutellum. The thorax with a white ring.
Rhodondendron. Both juice of young leaves and insects. Slightly transparent forewings with a yellow cuneus. Yellow legs. Antennae are black and yellow.
May - July. It overwinters as an egg. One generation..
Length 4.2 - 4.6 mm. Nearctic. Probably native to America. Now also in Europe. 1972: Described in England. 2002: Netherlands. 2004: Germany.

Photos 29-6-2016.

 

Subfamily Deraeocorinae.

Tribe: Deraeocorini. Oval-shaped bugs, 5 to 10 mm.

Alloeotomus gothicus. Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Alloeotomus gothicus. Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Alloeotomus gothicus. Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Alloeotomus gothicus. Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

An orange-brown to brown bug. Pronotum with a pale rear margin. The membrane is pale with dark spots. It is very similar to Alloeotomus germanicus. Small differences in hairiness and distance between the eyes. This bug is determined by Berend Aukema. I did not succeed.
It lives on pine (Pinus) and feed on aphids and insect eggs, but also sucks the flowers DENL
Palearctic: Europe, Asia (Turkey).
July - November. It overwinters as an egg. One generation, possibly two generations in a year.
Length 5,1 - 6 mm.

Photos 1-8-2016.

 

Deraeocoris flavilinea Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Deraeocoris flavilinea Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Deraeocoris flavilinea. Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

The colours are variable. The male is darker than the female. The female is more brown orange. The side of the scutellum is pale. Also pale are the front and rear margins of the pronotum. The tibia has pale bands. The colour of the cuneus is variable, usually pale red.
It is found in many plants. Like sycamore and field maple. Probably they mainly feed on aphids.

May - September. It overwinters as an egg. One generation.
Length 7, 8 mm.

Photos 5-8-2010.

 

Deraeocoris ruber . Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Deraeocoris ruber . Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Deraeocoris ruber . Tribe: Deraeocorini. Subfamily Deraeocorinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

Quite broad and variable in colour. From red to black. The cuneus is always red. The last antenna segment is thinner.
It is found in many plants. like tansy and nettle. It is predatory and mainly lives on aphids.
July - October It overwinters as an egg. One generation in a year.
Length 6,5 - 7,5 mm. Europe, Asia. Now also in North and South America.

Photos 9-8-2015.

Subfamily Mirinae.

Tribe: Mirini. A large group of bugs, which differ in shape. Both elongated and oval.

Apolygus spinolae. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Apolygus spinolae. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. Apolygus spinolae. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. About 1 km from our home.

A shiny light green bug with a fine light hairs. Red eyes. The cuneus of the forewings is also green, but with a small black dot at the end (see small picture). It looks like Apolygus lucorum, but this plant bug has no small black dot on the cuneus.
It feeds on herbaceous plants. Mainly nettle, but it also sucks on dead insects. It can be harmful to hop and grape.
June - September. It overwinters as an egg. One generation in a year, under favorable circumstances there might be a second generation.
Length 5,3-6 mm. Palearctic: Erurope, Asia.

Photos 18-7-2016.

Capsus ater. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae. Capsus ater. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae. Capsus ater. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

This small bug is recognizable by the dark second antenna segment, which is swollen at the end. The third antenna segment is much thinner and light.
It feeds on grasses.
May - September. It overwinters as an egg in hollow grass stems. One generation.
Length 5, 6 mm. Palearctic, but now also in North America.
Photos 14-7-2013.

 

 

Closterotomus norwegicus. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae. Closterotomus norwegicus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Not quite sure. A nymph. I have no picture of an adult bug. Here are more photos of a Closterotomus norwegicus.
It's a green bug. Adult bugs may have a reddish tint. Two distinctive dark spots on the pronotum. (But Adelphocoris lineolatus has also two dark spots) They often have two dark spots at the top of the scutellum (but not always).
Antenna segment 2 is about as long as segment 3 and 4 together.
It lives on many different plants. Like nettles, composites and clovers.
May - September. It overwinters as an egg. One generation.
Length 6 - 8 mm. Palearctic, but now also in North America, Australia and New Zealand.
Photo 24-5-2011.

Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus)

Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus). Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae.

Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Common Nettle Capsid  (Liocoris tripustulatus). Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

The spots of the overwintering bugs are dark orange. The young adult bugs have white, yellow, green spots, which will darken later.
It looks like the Orthops basalis and O. kalmii.  But these plant bugs don't have dark rings on the shins and antennae.
They occur of course on its host the nettle, but also on other plants. 

The adults hibernate.  
Length 3,5-5 mm.
Palearctic.

Photos 27-9-2011, 11-6-2012.  German:  Gepunktete Nesselwanze.  

Nymph Common Nettle Capsid (Liocoris tripustulatus) 5th stadium Nymph Common Nettle Capsid (Liocoris tripustulatus) 5th stadium
The spickled legs of the nymph are similar to the legs of an adult Common Nettle Capsid, but they are entirely green. It is said, the larvae live on nettle only. They like the juices of the flowers. This nymph, however, I found on a  Ragwort (Jacobaea vulgaris) with no nettle in the neighbourhood
Common Green Capsid. (Lygocoris pabulinus). Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.   

Common Green Capsid. (Lygocoris pabulinus). Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.

 

Common Green Capsid (Lygocoris pabulinus) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Common Green Capsid. (Lygocoris pabulinus). Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

This bright green bugs can be a pest. It sucks on apples, but also on some berries and potatoes.
I see them everywhere in the garden. So far, in my garden I can't  find much damage in the apple trees.
In the autumn it lay the eggs on fruit trees. In the spring the larvae feed on the young leaves and buds.
On this photo however, the nymph is on a purple loosestrife together with some snout beetles (Nanophyes marmoratus), described on page
"beetles" .  Photo 2-8-2008.
May - October. Overwintering as an egg in woody plants (first generation) and in many other plant species (second generation).
Length: 5, 6 mm. Holarctic.

Photos 6-9-2008, 2-6-2011. German:  Grüne Futterwanze 

Lygus pratensis Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Lygus pratensis Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Lygus pratensis Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Lygus pratensis Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bug,s Miridae. Lygus pratensis Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Lygus pratensis Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

They are variable in colour. From green to brown.
The bugs suck plant sap, but also the nectar of flowers.
It hibernates as an adult bug. One or two generations in a year. From June, you will see the first generation, from September the second generation.
Length: 6-7 mm. Palearctic, India.

Photos 22-10-2008, 6-4-2011, 27-9-2011, 25-4-2013.

Tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Tarnished plant bug (Lygus rugulipennis) Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

Lygus rugulipennis is variable in colour from tan to purple. It is densely covered with short hairs.
It lives in many plants. Also in cultivated plants such as potatoes and cabbage. This can cause damage.
It hibernates as an adult bug.
From July, you will see the first generation,  from September the second generation.
Length 5 to 6 mm.
Holarctic.

Photos 15-10-2008, 19-9-2009, 21-9-2009, 15-10-2011. 

  

Nymph Lygus

Nymph Lygus.
According to Berend Aukema the nymphs of five Lygus species are similar. I have photographed it early October. At the end of October I  found the Lygus pratensisin on the same Common Ragwort . So maybe..................

  

Megacoelum infusum Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Megacoelum infusum Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Megacoelum infusum Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Here you can find more photos: http://waarneming.nl/soort/photos/25094 

It is found on oaks and is similar to M. beckeri. A beautiful orange brown bug with long antennae. It feeds on oak sap, but also on small insects. Sometimes on other trees.
Adults: June - October. They overwinter as eggs on the bark or woody twigs. One generation.
Length about 7 mm. Palearctic.

Photos 5-9-2009.

Miris striatus nymph  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Miris striatus nymph
Miris striatus adult  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Miris striatus adult
Miris striatus nymph  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)       Miris striatus nymph  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Miris striatus nymph  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) An older nymph Miris striatus adult  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Miris striatus adult  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)  Miris striatus adult Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Miris striatus adult Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Miris striatus adult Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Photos 15-5-2011, 15-6-2013, 3-6-2014.
Miris striatus nymph Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

In April 2009 I found these nymphs on the leaves of a currant bush. They are ant-like nymphs like the nymphs of the Himacerus mirmicoides. But with yellow markings.
Miris striatus adult Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

It's a striking yellow-orange marked bug, wich mainly feed on lice, larvae of moths and beetles eat. The eggs hibernate. Adult May - July. One generation. Length: 9 - 11 mm. Palearctic.
German:  Prachtwanze, Gestreifte Weichwanze 

Neolygus contaminatus Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Neolygus contaminatus Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Neolygus contaminatus Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Neolygus contaminatus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae)

The photos were taken in June. 
It is green, but lighter than the Common Green Capsid. The wings are just a bit darker. Characteristic, I think, are the two dark spots on the back.
The eyes are bright green.
In the Netherlands, there are the
Neolygus viridis (dark top antenna, darker around scutellum) and Neolygus populi. (shorter antennas)

 

Orthops basalis Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Orthops basalis Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Orthops basalis Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Orthops basalis Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Orthops basalis. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

It looks a lot like the orthopedic kalmii.  In the Netherlands Orthopedic basalis is by far the commonest of the two.
The third antennal segment of an orthopedic basalis is long. The distance between the eyes of O. kalmii is relative to the width of the eyes much smaller!
It also looks like the Nettle Capsid (Liocoris tripustulatus). But Orthops basalis don't have dark rings on the shin and antennae.
You can find them on umbelliferous. Here it is on celery.
The adult bug overwinters. The eggs are laid in spring on young leaves of the host plant. The young green larvae appear from May, the adults from June.
Length about 5 mm. Palearctic, but now also in North America.
Photos 9-7-2010
Orthops campestris. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae. 

Orthops campestris. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae. 

Orthops campestris. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae.  Orthops campestris. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae. About 1 km from our house and garden.

A green little bug. The colour may vary.
You can find them on umbelliferous. Here he is on common hogweed.
The adult bug overwinters. The eggs are laid in spring on young leaves of the host plant. The young green larvae appear from May, the adults from June.
Length about 4 mm. Palearctic.

Photos 11-7-2014.

Pantilius tunicatus

Pantilius tunicatus

Pantilius tunicatus

Pantilius tunicatus Pantilius tunicatus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs, Miridae.

The bugs are red with dark speckles. The older bugs are darker red. The first antenna segments are thicker than the other.
The photo shows also a Kleidocerys resedae.
You can find them in birch, alder and hazel.
July - October. They overwinter as eggs in the young twigs. One generation. Early July the green nymphs appear.
Length 9 - 10 mm. Palearctic.
Photos 2-9-2009.

 

Phytocoris dimidiatus. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Phytocoris dimidiatus. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Phytocoris dimidiatus. Tribe: Mirini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Phytocoris dimidiatus. Subgenus Phytocoris. Tribe: Mirini Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

This bug is densely dark mottled. Only the pronotum is dark without spots. The hind legs are long. On the shin (tibia) are light bands. In this species, these bands are equal to or narrower than the dark bands. It looks a lot like Phytocoris reuteri. According to Berend Aukema: (translated) Male Phytocoris dimidiatus (width pronotum , length of second antennal segment and width vertex are clearly visible in these pictures!
It is found in deciduous trees, often fruit trees like apple, pear, plum, but occasionally also include oak, beech, ash. Food consists of both plant diet as animal diet.
June- October One generation, maybe two generations. The eggs overwinter.
Length 6, 7 mm. Palearctic.

Photos 24-6-2013.

Phytocoris. Subgenus Ktenocoris. Tribus Mirini. Tribe: Mirini Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

 

Phytocoris. Subgenus Ktenocoris. Tribus Mirini. Tribe: Mirini Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Phytocoris. Tribe: Mirini Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

Phytocoris can be divided into two subgenera. The species are very difficult to identify. Much more information can be found on
http://waarneming.nl/soort/info/25135 (In Dutch) I've put a few photos on this page, which I've taken in the dunes of Phytocoris species of the subgenus Ktenocoris.

Subgenus Phytocoris. Colour is yellowish gray, brownish to greenish with irregular blackish brown or gray spots, which merge. Black antennae with pale rings.
Subgenus Ktenocoris:
Colour is brownish, reddish or yellowish. Light antennas. Antenna segment 3 is light. Shins with narrow dark rings, however they are often lacking.

Photos 23-8-2016.

Pinalitus cervinus Tribe: Mirini. Familie blindwantsen (Miridae)

Pinalitus cervinus Tribe: Mirini. Familie blindwantsen (Miridae)

Pinalitus cervinus Tribe: Mirini. Familie blindwantsen (Miridae) Pinalitus cervinus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

The colour of this bug is variable. Pale brown, brown and green. The first antennal segment is pale. The second antennal segment is also pale, but has a dark tip. The wings are slightly transparent.
The cuneus is white with a dark tip (sometimes red).
Particularly in lime trees, but also on other plants as a buxus, ivy.
Length about 4 mm. Palearctic, but now also in Canada.
Throughout the year. It hibernates as an adult bug. Two generations.
Photo 13-1-2012. The first bug of 2012 I found it at the window. Because the weather was bad, I kept it to make pictures one day later. Unfortunately, it died. I also was able to make a photograph of the underside. The snout is clearly visible.

Stenotus binotatus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Stenotus binotatus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Stenotus binotatus. Tribe: Mirini. Subfamily Mirinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

A yellow-green plantbug with a mostly dark markings on the forewings and two dark circular spots on the side of the pronotum. The bug in the photo has very pale markings. The male can be orange yellow ..
You'll find them on grasses. Particulary on the flower, because both adult and nymph suck ripening seeds. If the flowers are not developed yet, the nymphs suck the leaves.
The eggs overwinter. The young green larvae appear from May. The adult bug from June.
Length about 5.8 to 7.4 mm. Europe, Asia. Introduced in North America, Africa and New Zealand.

Photos 20-7-2015.

Tribe: Stenodemini. Elongated shaped bugs.

Pithanus maerkelii. Male. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Pithanus maerkelii. Female. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Pithanus maerkelii. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

A small bug, which resembles an ant. It is micropterous, although the female sometimes do occur fully-winged. It's a black bug, but  the connexivum (protruding edge of the abdomen, the edges of the wings and the first antenna segment are pale. The legs are reddish brown.
It feeds on grasses. It lives in grasslands.
Length 4-5 mm. Palearctic, now also in North America ..
The eggs overwinter in the stems of grasses. May - September
Photo 6-7-2015. Female. Amall photo 20-7-2015. Male.

Stenodema calcarata. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Stenodema calcarata. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Stenodema calcarata. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

Females are green and the males straw-colored. Head and pronotum with dark stripes.
Length 6.8 - 7.9 mm. Palearctic: Europe, North Africa, Asia.
The adult bug overwinters. Then the colour of the female is straw-colored and of the male brown.
Photos 7-7-2016. 

Stenodema calcarata. Nymph. ubfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).  Stenodema calcarata. Nymph. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). 8-9-2016. Nymph.

Stenodema laevigata Tribe: Stenodemini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Stenodema laevigata Tribe: Stenodemini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Stenodema laevigata Tribe: Stenodemini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Stenodema laevigata Tribe: Stenodemini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Stenodema laevigata. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). 

A bug with a long, small body. You can confuse him with Notostira elongata. Difference:
There is a notch in the underside of the hind femora, near the apex.
It is also very similar to the Stenodema calcarata and Stenodema trispinosa. But they have two spines inside of the rear thigh. (femoral spurs)
It hunts in the grass. By its body shape and colour it is difficult to find. 
Length 8 - 10 mm. Palearctic.
The adult bug overwinters. Then its colour is brown. In spring it turn green. 
 

Photos 14-4-2010. Stenodema laevigata. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).  Stenodema laevigata. Subfamily Mirinae. Tribe: Stenodemini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).  25-6-2015, much greener.

Subfamily Orthotylinae.

Tribe: Orthotylini. A large group. Variable in shape and colour.

Black Kneed Capsid (Blepharidopterus angulatus). Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

 

Black Kneed Capsid (Blepharidopterus angulatus). Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Black Kneed Capsid (Blepharidopterus angulatus). Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

A slender green plant bug with dark "knees". On the back you can see a dark stripe. The males have long antennae. 
They can be found in different deciduous trees. It is partly a predator. (especially red mites) 
June - October. They overwinter as eggs in one and two-year-old twigs. One generation.
Length 5-6 mm. Palearctic, but now also in North America.
Photos 18-8-2014.

  

Dryophilocoris flavoquadrimaculatus.  Tribe Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Dryophilocoris flavoquadrimaculatus.  Tribe Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Dryophilocoris flavoquadrimaculatus.  Tribe Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). (200 meter from our home)

A black plant bug with four striking yellow spots.   
In oak.
April - June. The eggs overwinter. One generation.
Length about 6 mm. Palearctic.
Photos 16-6-2016.

Heterotoma planicornis. Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Heterotoma planicornis. Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Heterotoma planicornis  Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Heterotoma planicornis synonym Heterotoma merioptera. Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

A slim small dark plant bug with strange shaped antennae. The second antennal segment is broad and flattened. The legs are light green.
In June, I photographed the nymphs. The adult bugs are found from July to September. The eggs overwinter. One generation.
The bug feeds on aphids and other small insects, but sucks pant juice as well. On the left photo it has a thrips.
Length 5 mm. Europe, but now also in north America. Photos 6-7-2011, 4-8-2013.

German:  Breitfühler-Weichwanze  

Heterotoma planicornis. NymphTribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae  Heterotoma planicornis. NymphTribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs, Miridae Nymphs Heterotoma planicornis. 

Orthotylus ericetorum. Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Nymph

Orthotylus ericetorum. Nymph. Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

 

Orthotylus ericetorum. Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus ericetorum. Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

A green bug, which can be found on heather. It is covered with erect hairs. With its long hind legs, it moves a bit jumpy. The cunus is yellowish. It lives on heather (Calluna vulgaris), but it also can be found sometimes on cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix). They suck in particular on the seeds, but they can also suck on other parts of the plant.
June - october. The eggs overwinter on the young shoots. One generation.
Length about 2.5 - 3.6 mm. Palearctic.
Photos 25-8-2015, 1-8-2016.

Orthotylus cf prasinus. Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus cf prasinus. Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus cf prasinus. Tribe: Orthotylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Orthotylus cf prasinus. Tribe: Orthotylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

cf means not sure. There are some very similar species in this genus. They are mainly green. The plant, in which they are found, may be important. However, this was on the wall of the toilet. Most likely, it was on our clothes. Because we had been in Rotterdam the day before, it is also possible it is a bug from Rotterdam.
In deciduous trees like elm and hazel.
June - September. The eggs overwinter. One generation.
Length about 4 mm. Palearctic.
Photos 10-7-2011.  

Orthotylus virescens. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus virescens. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus virescens. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus virescens. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Orthotylus virescens. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

In the Netherlands there are three very similar green species: Orthotylus adenocarpi (light hairs), Orthotylus concolor (light and dark haisr), Orthotylus virescens (dark hairs, see detail photo and short rpstrum short, shorter than the other two).
They live from broom juice and among others aphididae (Aphidoidea).
End of May - October. The eggs pverwinter. One generation.
Length 3.8-4.9 mm. Palearctic.
Photos 21-6-2017. Orthotylus virescens. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). with rostrum.  Orthotylus virescens. Nymph. Tribe: Orthotylini.  Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).
Nymph, not quite sure, because sometimes several different species are in broom.

Subfamily Orthotylinae.

Tribe: Pilophorini. A small group of bugs, antlike.

Pilophorus cinnamopterus Tribe: Pilophorini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

 

Pilophorus cinnamopterus Tribe: Pilophorini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Pilophorus cinnamopterus Tribe: Pilophorini. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

It looks like the Pilophorus Perplexus, but it is mainly in pine (Pinus) and occasionally it is found in spruce. The colour is more orange brown. The white band runs across the forewings.
It is predatory and mainly feeds on the aphids of the family Lachnidae, but he also sucks at the needles and buds.
July - October. They overwinter as eggs on young twigs. One generation.
Length 4.1 - 5.2 mm. Palearctic, but also in North America.

Photos 25-8-2015.  

Pilophorus perplexus

Pilophorus perplexus

Pilophorus perplexus Pilophorus perplexus. Tribe: Pilophorini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

It is very similar to the much rarer Pilophorus simulans in the Netherlands. 
It has a characteristic band of yellowish hairs across the wing covers. It's an ant-like bug.
It is found in deciduous trees like oak and maple. It is a  predatory bug, but it sucks plant juice as well.
July - October. They overwinter as eggs on young twigs. One generation.
Length 4, 5 mm. Palearctic, but now also in North America.

Photos 23-8-2009, 5-9-2010.  

Tribe: Phylini. A large and variable group.

Atractotomus mali Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)

Atractotomus mali. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Atractotomus mali Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Atractotomus mali. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

A dark little bug covered with pale hairs. The second segment of the antenna is thickened like the Heterotoma. The first segment is also thick, but is much thinner at the base.
They can be found on apple and hawthorn. On this photo it is on a young apple. These are also the food plants, but it is also partly predatory.
June-August. They overwinter as eggs in the young wood. One generation.
Length: About 3.5 mm. So tiny. Palearctic, but now also in North America.
There are two similar members of the family. Namely A. magnicornis, A. parvulus. They live in other plants.

Photos 14-6-2011, 10-7-2015.

Harpocera thoracica. Female. Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae). Harpocera thoracica. Female. Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Harpocera thoracica. Male. Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Harpocera thoracica. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).
They don't look alike, but both are Harpocera thoracica. The left wants is the female. The right one is the male. The male has a distinctive inflated second antennal segment.
These photos were taken in May. They are common in May. They live about a month. Then you have to wait another year, before you see them again. They overwinter as eggs on young twigs. The larvae develop in about two weeks. Palearctic.
They live in oaks. They suck juices of the oak, but they also feed on aphids.
Length: 6 mm. Photos female 14-5-2014, male 14-5-2009.
     German:  Eichenwanze. 

Harpocera thoracica. Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae).  Photo 31-5-2013. 
Harpocera thoracica  male, female.
Phylus melanocephalus Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Phylus melanocephalus. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae) 

This bug stung me in my hand, when I was working in the garden. It did not hurt. I took my camera. But it is not easy to photograph your right hand with your left hand. When I tried to move the bug, it escaped.
This Phylus has a striking dark head (not always), while the rest of the body is pale. It is partly a predatory bug and you can find it in oak. There are three species Phylus in the Netherlands.
June - August.  They overwinter as eggs on young twigs. One generation.
Length 4 - 6 mm. Palearctic.
 
Photo 25-5-2011

Plagiognathus arbustorum  Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae

Plagiognathus arbustorum  Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae  

Plagiognathus arbustorum  Tribe: Phylini. Family: Plant Bugs Miridae Plagiognathus arbustorum. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family:Plant Bugs, Miridae.

The light coloured bug is a female. The colour is variable. The thighs have above and below a black stripe. The males are often darker.
They live on nettles. But they are also on many other plants. Their food consists of honeydew, sap from flower buds and flowers, but also from small insects like aphids.
June - September. They overwinter as eggs. One generation. But sometimes there seems to be a second generation whose adult bug can overwinter.
Length 3.5-5 mm. Palearctic, but now also in North America.
Photos 24-6-2008, 2-8-2010, 11-8-2010.

Plagiognathus chrysanthemi Tribe: Phylini.  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)  (Miridae)

Plagiognathus chrysanthemi Tribe: Phylini.  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) (Miridae)

Plagiognathus chrysanthemi Tribe: Phylini.  Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae)  (Miridae) Plagiognathus chrysanthemi. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

A small green bug with a dense hairs. It is easily recognized by their pale legs with dark hair and dark spots. Often on plants from the composite family, like Ragwort and yarrow.
June - September.
They overwinter as eggs. One generation.
Length 3 - 4 mm.
Palearctic, but now also in North America.

Photos 18-6-2011.

 

Plesiodema pinetella. Nymph. Synonym Plesiodema pinetellum. Tribus Phylini. Subfamily Phylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae).

Nymph 26-5-2016.

 

Plesiodema pinetella. Synonym Plesiodema pinetellum. Tribus Phylini. Subfamily Phylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Plesiodema pinetella. Synonym Plesiodema pinetellum. Tribus Phylini. Subfamily Phylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.

The Plesiodema pinetella its head, pronotum and scutellum are shiny black, black or brown. The forewings are lighter.
They live in pine and feed on pine juices and small insects.
May - late July. They overwinter as eggs. One generation in a year.
Length 2.6 - 3.5 mm. Palearctic. Europe, North Africa, Asia and Far East.

Photo 22-6-2016.

  

Psallus perrisi / Psallus wagneri Psallus perrisi / Psallus wagneri. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae) male.

They are very similar (Difference genitals.) Both species occur on oak.
It is a brown-black bug. The males are darker than females. The upper surface is covered with golden hairs. The thighs are dark. Pale antennae.
May - August / July.
They overwinter as eggs. One generation.
Length 3 - 4 mm. Palearctic.

Photo 19-6-2010.

Psallus varians Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Psallus varians. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae). 

This is a hairy, light brown bug. It lives in oaks.

May - August. They overwinter as eggs. One generation.
Length 3,8 - 4,6 mm. Palearctic.

Psallus varians Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) Photos 21-5-2011.

Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) male Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae) female.
Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) male Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus Family: Plant Bugs (Miridae) male Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae) male. Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae) female. Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus. Tribe: Phylini. Subfamily Orthotylinae. Family Plant Bugs (Miridae) female.

 Males are black brown. May - August. Length 5,2 - 5,7 mm. Photos 16-5-2011.


Maybe Psallus montanus, but.... not certain. Palearctic. They overwinter as eggs. One generation.
Photos 30-5- 2011.
Probably Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus. Nymph. 

Probably Psallus betuleti / Psallus montanus. Nymph. 
Photo 12-6-2012.

I want to thank Berend Aukema for the determination of many of my bugs.

A German site about bugs:  www.koleopterologie.de. A Danish site: www.miridae.dk  I often use information on this British site: www.britishbugs.org.uk
Small cicadas: gallery.kunzweb.net
A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari

Nederlands / Dutch                                                                           

English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
 
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
flies
hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

Subpage bugs in the garden:  "Water bugs",   True bugs (Pentatomoidea),   Seed bugs (Lygaeidae),     Cicadas   

W3Counter Web Stats