Seed bugs, ground bugs, Lygaeidae in the garden.


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Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs"  True bugs (Pentatomoidea),    Plantbugs (Miridae)  Cicadas

To the Dutch website / Naar de Nederlandse website.Nederlands / Dutch

                                                          Seed bugs, ground bugs (Lygaeidea) in the garden.

Information about bugs:

True bugs can be found both in and on water and on land. They also have a sucking mouthparts known as a rostrum. With this rostum they suck juices from all kinds. That can bee plants and seeds, but also insects and other animals. They belong to the order Hemiptera like aphids and cicadas.
The true bugs have forewings that are hardened at the base and membranous at the tips. They sit flat over the abdomen hiding the membranous hind wings. Hemiptera means “half wing.  They are held flat on the back, with the ends overlapping. (Hardened forewings like the beetles have, but the forewings of beetles meet together in a straight line on their back)   
The larva (nymph) resembles a miniature wingless adult, although their colour and markings may be very different. The nymphs  progress through a series of moults (known as instars) . The wings are developed in the last instar. ( incomplete metamorphosis, there is not a pupal stage). There are five instars.
In and near water, these families are on this website: Corixidae, Gerridae, Hydrometridae, Nepidae, Naucoridae, Notonectidae, Saldidae.
There are many families . Well known is the superfamily shield bugs - Pentatomoidea, which is divided into 14-15 families. Such as the family Stink bugs (Pentatomidae), the family Acanthosomatidae, the family Burrower Bugs (Cydnidae) and the family Jewel bugs (Scutelleridae).
Other true bugs families on this website are: Minute pirate bugs, Flower bugs ( Anthocoridae ) , Squash bugs, Leaf-footed bug ( Coreidae ) , Seed bugs, Ground bugs ( Lygaeidae ) , Plant bugs ( Miridae ) , Nabidae , Scentless plant bugs ( Rhopalidae ) , Reduviidae , Lace bugs (Tingidae ) .

Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).
 
The seed bugs or ground bugs (Lygaeinae) occur worldwide. It is a large family of mostly dark coloured bugs, but in the subfamily Lygaeinae are also bright red seed bugs. Most species in the subfamily Lygaeinae live in the tropics.
They often live on the soil and feed on plants and seeds. There are also species that can be found in trees. Most species overwinter as adult. In the Netherlands are about 100 species. 
There is also another classification of seed bugs by Henry, T. J. (1997) with a superfamily Lygaeoidea. The subfamilies are changed in families. For example, the subfamily Rhyparochrominae is changed in the family Rhyparochromidae. However, the Netherlands still maintained the classification into subfamilies.

Subfamily Cyminae.
The subfamily includes four wantons from the genus Cymus. All four species suck on monocot seeds such as grasses. They are densely punctated.

Cymus glandicolor. Subfamily Cyminae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Cymus glandicolor. Subfamily Cyminae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Cymus glandicolor. Subfamily Cyminae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Cymus glandicolor. Subfamily Cyminae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

The shape of the stain distinguishes him from other species of the genus Cymus.
The adult bug overwinters. The new generation will appear from July.
Length 3.7-5.1 mm. Europe, Asia (Siberia, China, Japan).

Photos 17-7-2017. Cymus spec. Nymph. Subfamily Cyminae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  The cymus nymphs look very similar. I found this with the other two bugs. But it can also be another one.

Subfamily Ischnorhynchinae.
A small subfamily with Netherlands in three types, which are quite similar. Namely Kleidocerys ericae, on heath. The Kleidocerys privignus, on alder. The Kleidocerys resedae, which occur in large numbers on birch or near birches. The other two species are rarer.

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Nymphs. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). Subfamily Ischnorhynchinae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

There are many in our garden. A beautiful small brown bug. They hibernate as adult.
Length: 4-5 mm. All the year.
But!!!!! in the Netherlands there are two very, very similar species (not common). Kleidocerys privignus on alder and Kleidocerys ericae on heath
 
Nymph Kleidocerys resedae, different stadium. March - September. They feed on seeds of the birch..

Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). nymph Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). nymph Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 
Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). nymph Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Birch Catkin Bug (Kleidocerys resedae). From nymph to adult. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

German: Birkenwanze.
   

Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. 

Tribe Drymini.

Drymus brunneus. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Drymus brunneus. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Drymus brunneus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

I thought it was another Drymus ryeii, because I see them often. Fortunately I have taken some pictures. It is a different species. A small bug like Drymus brunneus is not so easy to recognize.
If you look at the picture, you see clear differences. The shin and the top part of the antenna are light brown. The forewings are brown and remarkably wide in the middle.

Adult: All year.
Length 3,6-5,4 mm.

Photos 24-03-2012.

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) 

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) 

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)

Drymus ryeii. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) Drymus ryeii. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Drymus reyii is similar to Drymus sylvaticus. It is a dark bug. The wings are usually dark brown to black, but sometimes lighter.
In our garden it's the most common Drymus.

Adult: All year.
Length 3,6-4,7 mm.

Photos 26-10-2011 Photo left under 13-4-2008

 

Male:
Drymus pumilio. male. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Female:Drymus pumilio. Female. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

 

Drymus pumilio. Male. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Drymus pumilio. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Drymus pumilio, together with the Drymus pilicornis, is the smallest species in the genus Drymus. The antennae are brown-black. In the females, segment 1 and lower part of segment 2 are brown. Head and scutellum are brown black. The front wings are brown.
In the Netherlands they are very rare. Even in Europe they are not found so often. 
They live from seeds in wet or damp moss on sand or limestone soil. These bugs are in the moss at our pond.
Adult: All year
Length 2.4-3 mm.

Photos 18-7-2017, 19-7-2017.

nymph  Drymus. (Drymus spec.)     nymph  Drymus. (Drymus spec.)    The nymph, I found is a Drymus. (Drymus spec.)     

Photo 19-9-2008 

Eremocoris plebejus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Eremocoris plebejus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Eremocoris plebejus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Eremocoris plebejus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Eremocoris plebejus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

This unclear photo I took, while it was was running away over a piece of chipboard. I haven't seen an Eremocoris again in our garden. The other photos are taken in the dunes. 
Eremocorisspecis are distinguished by the two yellow-white spots on the membrane. The forewings are dark red-brown or red-brown.
It lives in dry pine forests with sandy or calcareous soil and is often found on moss or between the pine needles on the ground.
The adult bug overwinters. In August the new adult bugs appear. Length 5-7 mm
Europe, Asia. Foto's 22-05-2010. 24-9-2016, 6-10-2016. 
 
Eremocoris plebejus. Nymph. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 
Eremocoris plebejus. Nymph. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Eremocoris plebejus. Nymph. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Eremocoris plebejus. Nymph. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  3-8-2015, 24-9-2016, 28-9-2016. Nymphs in different stages. Difference with the nymphs of the Eremocoris abietis are the hairy shins.

Eremocoris abietis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Eremocoris abietis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Eremocoris abietis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Eremocoris abietis. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).   Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

Like the Eremocoris plebejus an inhabitant of the dry pine forests with sandy soil. It is often found on moss or pine needles on the ground. It is also found under larch, juniper, blueberry or heather. A nice bug with partly pale and partly red-brown forewings.
The adult bug overwinters. In August the new adult bugs appear. Length 5.9 to 7.2 mm.

Europe, Asia.
Photos 9-09-2015.

 

Pine Cone Bug (Gastrodes grossipes). Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Pine Cone Bug (Gastrodes grossipes). Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Pine Cone Bug (Gastrodes grossipes). Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Pine Cone Bug (Gastrodes grossipes). Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

A reddish-brown flat bottom bug with broad abdomen and wings. He can be found on pine trees where they suck the seeds. It looks at the paler Gastrodes abietum, which occurs on spruce.
The adult bug overwinters.
The whole year. Europe and Asia Minor.
Length 6-7 mm. 
   

Photos 20-04-2015.  German: Kiefernzapfenwanze.

Pine Cone Bug (Gastrodes grossipes). Nymph. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Nymph Gastrodes grossipes - pine cone bug,
20-4-2015.

 

 

Stygnocoris fuligineus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Stygnocoris fuligineus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but on the edge of the dunes and a field about 2 km from our house.

The rather dull brown forewings are covered with short hairs. Black antennae. Segment 2 and 3 are often at the top (3 sometimes entirely) brown. Legs with black thighs and brown shins. Head and pronotum are black, rear part of the pronotum is blackish brown.
Stygnocoris sabulosus resembles the Stygnocoris fuligineus. But Stygnocoris fuligineus has light legs and antennae (Only the last segment is dark) and shinier. The third species in the Netherlands is Stygnocoris rusticus. Stygnocoris rusticus is more blackish.
Especially on warm, dry places with a rich herbal vegetation. No preference for any type of soil.
The adult bugs and sometimes nymphs overwinter. Two generations in one year.
Length 2.5 - 3.3 mm.
The new generation of adult bugs appears in August.

Photo 31-3-2017.

 

Stygnocoris sabulosus Stygnocoris sabulosus Stygnocoris sabulosus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

The brown forewings are covered with hairs. Pale legs and antennae. Only the last segment is dark. Head and pronotum are black or black-brown.
Particularly on dry, sandy places. Seeds of many different types of herbaceous plants and grasses. But they are mainly found in heather.
The eggs overwinter and hatch in the spring of. Most ground bugs overwinter as adults.
Length 2.4 - 3.2 mm.
August - October. Photos 17-10-2010.

 

The nymph I found is a Stygnocoris (Stygnocoris spec.)    The nymph I found is a Stygnocoris (Stygnocoris spec.)   

Photo 17-6-2017. 

Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Scolopostethus: In the Netherlands there are a number of species, which are similar. The differences are small. (colour of antennae, legs and wing length.)

Scolopostethus affinis. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus affinis mostly has short wings, but sometimes they are long winged (macropteer) and than they are difficult to determine from a photo. Antennae: Segment 1 en 2 are pale brown, segment 2 en 3 are dark brown. (sometimes the base of segment 3 is pale too). The legs are  pale brown, the front femur is sometimes darker brown. The live in leaf litter under herbaceous plants, often near nettle. 
The adult bug overwinters and sometimes nymphs of a second generation. In July, August, the next generation. Length 3,1 – 4 mm.
Europe. East to Western Siberia and Asia Minor and the area near the Caspian Sea.

Photos 14-6-2011, 14-42013, 25-4-2013. Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 'Hook' on the mesosternum. (between the fore legs and the middle legs)

Maybe!!!!!  Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Maybe!!!!!  Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Maybe!!!!!  Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Maybe!!!!!  Scolopostethus affinis. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Maybe!!!!!  Scolopostethus affinis. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Two examples of long winged scolopostethus species. They are not to identify with certainty.
I have written about all the characteristics of the different species of the genus Scolopostethus. The problem is that a characteristic as the colour of the antennae usually is right, but not always for there are exceptions and that makes difficult to identify some bugs without doubts.
Photo 22-09-2010, 19-8-2015.

Kortvleugelige zaagpoot (Scolopostethus affinis). Onderfamilie Rhyparochrominae, rookwantsen. Familie Lygaeidae, bodemwantsen. 
13-4-2016
Scolopostethus decoratus. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus decoratus. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus decoratus. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Scolopostethus decoratus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

Always long winged, macropteer. Antennae: Segment 2 lower part is pale brown, the upper part of the antennae is dark. Legs pale are pale brown to darker brown. Front femur dark. - Near heather, bilberry.
They are often found near heather and bilberry (they feed on seeds of these plants) between the leaves and moss on the ground, but als on the plants.

The adults hibernate. (Photo 2-11-09)  In August, the next generation appears. Length  3,1 – 4 mm.
It is found in Europe, North Africa and to the east to Asia Minor.
Photos 8-9-2016.

Scolopostethus grandis. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Scolopostethus grandis. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Scolopostethus grandis. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

Wings are slightly shorter, rarely long winged. - Antennae: Segment 1 and the lower part of segment 2 are pale brown, the other part of the antennae is dark. - Legs are mostly pale brown to darker brown. The front femur is darker brown. the bug in the picture is missing an antenna segment.
They often are found in damp places, between the leaves and moss on the ground. 
The adults hibernate. Length 3,7 - 5 mm.
Europe. East to Western Siberia, Asia Minor and the Caucasus.

Photos 16-10-2016. Small picture: Like S. affinis a 'hook' on the mesosternum. (between the fore legs and the middle legs)

Scolopostethus pictus  Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)

Scolopostethus pictus  Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae)

Scolopostethus pictus  Scolopostethus pictus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae.  Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

This species always has  long wings. The antennae and legs are light brown. The thighs of the legs are very thick.
They often are found in damp places, between the leaves and moss on the ground.
The adult bug overwinters and sometimes nymphs of a second generation. (Photo 2-11-09)  In July, August, the next generation appears. Length 3,9 – 4,8 mm mm
Europe. Eastward to Siberia, Asia Minor and the Caucasus.

Left: Photos 9-2-2011.

 

Scolopostethus thomsoni. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Scolopostethus thomsoni. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Scolopostethus thomsoni. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Scolopostethus thomsoni. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

Scolopostethus thomsoni is on thes photos short winged (membrane very short), but they can also be long winged. Antennae: Segment 1 and the lower part of segment 2 are pale brown, the other part of the antennae is dark. (not always) 
You can find them in places where stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) grows. Little preference for moisture and soil type.
The adult bug overwinters and sometimes nymphs of a second generation. In July, August appears the next generation. Length 3,4 – 4 mm.
Europe. Eastwards into Siberia and Central Asia, and Japan. Also in North America.

Photos 17-3-2017.

The characteristics of the different species of Scolopostethus, but the colour of the antennas is not a quite hard characteristic and then it's a lot more difficult to find the name.

Scolopostethus affinis: 3,1 – 4 mm. - Short winged, macropteer (membrane short) occasionally long winged, brachypteer . - Antennae: Segment 1 en 2 are pale brown, segment 3 and 4 are dark brown. (sometimes the base of segment 3 is pale too) - Legs are pale brown, front femur is sometimes darker brown. - Herbaceous plants, often near nettle.  
Scolopostethus decoratus: 3,6 – 4,2 mm. - Always long winged, macropteer. - Antennae: Segment 2 lower part is pale brown, the upper part of the antennae is dark. - Legs pale are pale brown to darker brown. Front femur dark. - Near heather, bilberry.
Scolopostethus grandis: 3,7 – 5 mm. - Wings are slightly shorter, rarely long winged. - Antennae: Segment 1 and the lower part of segment 2 are pale brown, the other part of the antennae is dark. - Legs are mostly pale brown to darker brown. The front femur is darker brown.  
Scolopostethus pictus: 3,9 – 4,8 mm. - Antennae: Pale brown. - Always long winged. - Legs are pale brown. 
Scolopostethus pilosus: 3,6 – 4,4 mm. - Sortwinged, rarerely long winged. - Antennae: Segment 1 and the lower part of segment 2 pale brown. the other part of the antennae is dark.. - Legs are pale brown, the front femur is dark brown. .
Scolopostethus puberulus: 3,2 – 4,3 mm. - Short winged, sometimes long winged. - Antennae: Segment 1, 2 are pale brown, segment 2, 3 are dark brown with sharp contrast. - Legs are pale brown. 
Scolopostethus thomsoni: 3,4 – 4 mm. - Sort winged (membrane very short) and long winged. - Antennae: Segment 1 and the lower part of segment 2 are pale brown, the other part of the antennae is dark. (not always) - Legs are pale brown, front femur is dark brown.. - Particularly near nettle. 

Scolopostethus grandis and Scolopostethus affinis have on the mesosternum two distinct 'hooks' in males and two less clear nodules in females.

Nymph Scolopostethus. Photo 21-7-2011.  Nymph Scolopostethus. Photo 21-7-2011. 

 

Taphropeltus contractus.  Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Taphropeltus contractus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Taphropeltus contractus.  Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Taphropeltus contractus. Tribe Drymini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

The head of the Taphropeltus is constricted behind the eyes. The eyes are quite far from the pronotum. The head, pronotum and scutellum are black. The dark forewings are partly yellowish brown.
The adult bug overwinters.
Dry, warm, open to partial shaded habitats such as forest edges. It feeds on seeds on the bottom. In mating season, they are also found on the plants.
The whole year. Europe. North Africa, Asia.
Length 3,2 - 3,7 mm.  Photos 28-9-2016, 15-3-2017.

Tribe Gonianotini.

Macrodema microptera. Tribe Gonianotini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Macrodema microptera. Tribe Gonianotini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Macrodema microptera. Tribe Gonianotini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

A shiny black bug with light brown wings. Usually they are brachypteer like in this photo. Sometimes macropteer. The posterior of the black pronotum is brown.
In the Netherlands it is common on the higher sandy soils inland and in the dunes. They live on the ground at heath of the seeds and young leaves of heather and also of spring tails.
The adult bug overwinters. In July a new generation of adult bugs.
Length 3,1-3,9 mm

Photos 4-8-2017.

Tribe Plinthisini.

 

 

Plinthisus brevipennis. Tribe Plinthisini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae) Plinthisus brevipennis. Tribe Plinthisini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Not in the garden but in the dunes about 4 km from our house.

A small shiny black bug. It usually is brachypteer, but  also can be macropteer. The head is relatively small. It looks like the smaller Plinthisus pusillus. However Plinthisus brevipennis has a broad punctured band on the pronotum along the scutellum.
They feed on seeds on the bottom. In mating season, they are also found on plants.
The adult bug overwinters. In late July the new adult bugs appear. Length about 2.8 - 3.5 mm
Europe, North Africa, Asia.
Photo 24-09-2016.

Tribe Rhyparochromini.

Beosus maritimus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Beosus maritimus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Beosus maritimus. Tribe Rhyparochromini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

A brown bug with distinctive white spots on the dark cuneus. On the dark scutellum are two elongated light spots. Pale brown legs with a dark part. The fourth dark segment of the antenna is on the base light.

They occur mainly on sandy soils. Here it is on our terrace.
Adults overwinter.

Adult: All year.
Length 6-7 mm.

Photos 11-04-2014.

Peritrechus nubilus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Peritrechus nubilus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Peritrechus nubilus. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).  Peritrechus nubilus. Tribe Rhyparochromini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). 

Peritrechus nubilus resembles Peritrechus geniculatus. Difference: The 3rd segment of the antenna of Peritrechus nubilus is thinner than the 4 th segment and the leading edge of the probotum is yellow-brown. 
Usually, there is a clear pale spot at the base of the membrane. 
Length 5-6 mm. 
All year.

Photos 22-9-2014.

 

 

Some species of the family seed bugs, ground bugs (Lygaeoidae) I photographed in France. More information in  Insects in France 

Subfamily Orsillinae. Family Lygaeidae.

Nysius cf graminicola. Subfamily Orsillinae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).
Nysius cf graminicola. Subfamily Orsillinae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).


Subfamily Lygaeinae. Family Lygaeidae.

Lygaeus equestris, Lygaeus simulans Lygaeus pandurus (nowadays also called Spilostethus)
Lygaeus equestris, Lygaeus simulans. Subfamily Lygaeinae. Family Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).
Lygaeus pandurus (nowadays also called Spilostethus). Subfamily Lygaeinae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).
Spilostethus saxatilis
Spilostethus saxatilis. Subfamily Lygaeinae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

Two species of the family seed bugs, ground bugs (Lygaeoidae) I photographed in Croatia.

Macroplax fasciata.  Subfamily Oxycareninae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Proderus bellevoyei. Tribe Megalonotini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).
Macroplax fasciata.  Subfamily Oxycareninae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae). Proderus bellevoyei. Tribe Megalonotini. Subfamily Rhyparochrominae. Family: Seed Bugs or Ground Bugs (Lygaeidae).

I want to thank Berend Aukema for the determination of many of my bugs.

A German site about bugs:  www.koleopterologie.de. A Danish site: www.miridae.dk  I've got much information from the British site: www.britishbugs.org.uk
Small cicadas: gallery.kunzweb.net
A beautiful site with much information: The Garden Safari

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English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
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Subpage bugs in the garden: "Water bugs",   True bugs (Pentatomoidea),   Plantbugs (Miridae)  Cicadas   
Subpage France:  Insects France   With many other bugs!!!

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