cicadas in the garden.


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                                                             Cicadas in the garden.

Cicadas (Orde Auchenorrhyncha).

A singing cicada (cicadidae) photographed in France.

Maybe Cicada orni. Family Cicadidae

Maybe Cicada orni. Family Cicadidae.

About 25 mm. One of the known singing cicada. In the Mediterranean, you always hear them. You see them much less. If they are sitting in a tree, they are very well camouflaged. Closer up, they stop making noise. This cicada was sitting on a beautiful spot.
The larva of a singing cicada lives underground for several years feeding on juices of plant roots. The adult cicadas don't live long. (Several weeks to several months)

Maybe Cicada orni Family Cicadidae Maybe Cicada orni Family Cicadidae

 

The singing cicada (cicadidae) in south France are well known. But there are cicadas in the Netherlands too. These cicadas are smaller and much quieter. The antennae are very short. The wings are be held "roofwise" over the body. Just like true bugs they suck the juice of plants with the sucking mouthparts. They can fly and jump very well. There are several families. 
The family Cercopidae has been split into three separate families: the Aphrophoridae, Cercopidae, and Clastopteridae. Therefore you often see behind the cicada Philaenus the family Cercopidae instead of Aphrophoridae. Very confusing.
Spittle Bugs
(Aphrophoridae). The nymph produces a cover of frothed-up plant sap resembling spit. They give less damage than the plant lice. That spit has been made from own body juices. For this reason there are few animals, which eat thes nymphs. 
Froghoppers (Cercopidae)
The nymph produces a cover of frothed-up plant sap resembling spit. The cicadas are more colourful than the cicadas in the family Aphrophoridae.
Family planthoppers (Delphacidae)
They are separated from other "hoppers" by the prominent spur on the the hindleg.  
Family leafhoppers (Cicadellidae). The forewings are relative soft.One or more rows of small spines on the hind  leg.
Family Cixiidae.
Family Dictyopharidae.
Family Issidae.
Family Membracidae.

Froghopper (Cercopidae). A cover of frothed-up plant sap resembling spit. Froghopper (Cercopidae). A cover of frothed-up plant sap resembling spit.  Nymph of a froghopper. Nymph of a froghopper. Photo 6-7-2013.

I've a few species on this page.

Family Aphrophoridae.
This website contains many species: Aphrophoridae.

Alder Spittlebug (Aphrophora alni). Family Aphrophoridae. Alder Spittlebug (Aphrophora alni). Family Aphrophoridae. Alder Spittlebug (Aphrophora alni). Family Aphrophoridae.

Recognizable by the white spots near the margin of the wings. But Philaenus spumarius and variants of other Aphrophora species can be similar.
On a wide range of trees and shrubs.
Length 9-10 mm.
May - October. 

The nymph produces a cover of frothed-up plant sap resembling spit.

Photos 16-10-2012.

German:  Erlenschaumzikade.  French: Cercope de l'aulne, Cicadelle écumeuse.

 

Common Froghopper (Philaenus spumarius). Family Aphrophoridae.

Common Froghopper (Philaenus spumarius). Family Aphrophoridae.

Common Froghopper (Philaenus spumarius). Family Aphrophoridae.

Common Froghopper (Philaenus spumarius). Family Aphrophoridae. Common Froghopper (Philaenus spumarius). Family Aphrophoridae.

A very variable species in terms of drawing and colour. The Philaenus spumarius on the first photo left looks like the larger Aphrophora alni. But Philaenus spumarius has very fine hairs on its wings.
Length 5 -7 mm.
June - September.

The nymph produces a cover of frothed-up plant sap resembling spit.

Photos: 19-6-2012, 23-9-2012, 11-11-2012.

German: Wiesenschaumzikade. French: le cercope des prés or la philène spumeuse.

Familie Cercopidae. In the Netherlands only two species.

Haematoloma dorsatum. Family Cercopidae.

Haematoloma dorsatum. Family Cercopidae.

Haematoloma dorsatum. Family Cercopidae. Haematoloma dorsatum. Family Cercopidae. Not in our garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.  

It originates from the Mediterranean. It looks like the Cercopis vulnerata.
A black cicada with red spots. Scutellum and pronotum are black. The outer edge of the forewing is partially red and the forewings are hairy (in contrast with the larger Cercopis vulnerata).
The cicada lives on the needles of pine trees. They suck the sap from the needles, causing brown. The larva feed on the roots of grasses.

May - August. The larva overwinters underground.
Length 6,5 - 7,5 mm..
Photos 27-5-2013.

Red-and-black Froghopper (Cercopis vulnerata). Family Cercopidae. Red-and-black Froghopper (Cercopis vulnerata). Family Cercopidae. Red-and-black Froghopper (Cercopis vulnerata). Family Cercopidae.  In Drenthe, unfortunately not in our neighborhood.

I hope I can find it in our neighborhood. Until then I leave these pictures. It looks like the Haematoloma dorsatum.
A black cicada with red spots. Scutellum and pronotum are black. The outer edge of the forewing is for black and the forewings are not clearly hairy (in contrast with the smaller Haematoloma dorsatum).
The cicada lives on grasses and other low plants and shrubs (Here on willow). The larva feed on the roots of grasses. 

April - August. The larva overwinters underground.
Length 9 - 11 mm.
Photos 26-5-2016.

Family Delphacidae.

Javesella dubia. Probably. Family Delphacidae. Male.

Javesella dubia. Probably. Family Delphacidae. Male.

Javesella dubia. Probably. Family Delphacidae. Male. Javesella dubia. Probably. Family Delphacidae. Male.

Not quite sure. Other species in the Netherlands J. discolor, J. forcipata J. obscure ella, J. pellucida. They are usually brachypteer, but can also be macropteer.
Translucent forewings, which are normally slightly brownish. They are somewhat variable in color, males are generally darker than the females.
May - September.
Length brachypteer 2.5 mm and macropteer to 3.5 mm.

Photos 9-8-2016.

 

Family Cicadellidae.
It's a big family. In this website are many species described and illustrated: Cicadellidae.

Subfamily Agalliinae.

Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A small cicada with striking light and dark veins. There are family members which are similar.
Length 3.5 - 4 mm.
Host: Grasses
February - November.

Photo's 22-11-2012, 6-1-2013, 14-6-2016, 18-7-2016. 

Agallia consobrina. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. without darkened veins.. Agallia consobrina. Nymph. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Nymph.

Subfamily Aphrodinae.

Aphrodes spec. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Aphrodes spec. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Aphrodes spec. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Aphrodes spec. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae. Aphrodes spec. Subfamily Agalliinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A variable cicada. Aphrodes makarovi and Aphrodes bicincta  are not to identify from a photograph. A third species in the Netherlands is Aphrodes aestuarina.
The length of this cicada is about 6 mm.
Host: Different plants. In the photo on goldenrod.
June - October.

Photos 12-8-2016, 13-8-2016. 

Subfamily Cicadellinae. 

Green Leafhopper (Cicadella viridis). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Green Leafhopper (Cicadella viridis). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Green Leafhopper (Cicadella viridis). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Green Leafhopper (Cicadella viridis). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae. Green Leafhoppe (Cicadella viridis). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

The female is green, the male blue-green. They live on plant juices. Especially grasses. In these pictures they are on other plants.
Length 6 - 9 mm.
May - November. They overwinter as eggs. Palearctic. Photos 27-9-2013.
5-9-2014. For the first time a green leafhopper in our garden. The other photos (27-9-2014) are taken in the dunes.

Green Leafhopper (Cicadella viridis). Nymph. Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.   Nymph Cicadella viridis. 
 

 

Rhododendron Leafhopper (Graphocephala fennahi). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae. Rhododendron Leafhopper (Graphocephala fennahi). Subfamily Cicadellinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A beautiful cicada with yellow legs and abdomen. The wings are green with two red longitudinal stripes.

You find them on the rhododendrons. Those shrubs I have had since a number of years no longer in the garden. Apparently the spindles is a good substitute, because I can find them in July only in these shrubs. In the months afterwards they are also to be seen on other plants.
It originates from Northern America. Around 1930 it has been introduced to Great Britain. Afterwards it has spread  in thirty years widely throughout
Europe.  

Length 8-9 mm. July - November.


German:  Rhododendronzikade.  French: Cicadelle du rhododendron.

Subfamily Deltocephalinae.

Allygus mixtus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae.

 

Allygus mixtus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae. Allygus mixtus. Maybe!! Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae.

The cicada is covered with dark spots. A large number of white cross veins. It looks like the Allygidius commutatus and Allygidius modestus. You have to make a photo of the underside to be sure,
Length 6 - 7 mm. June - October.
The nymphs feed on grasses. The adult cicada are found on deciduous trees like oak.

Photos 3-7-2011.

Allygus mixtus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae. Allygus mixtus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae. 31-7-2016. A certain Allygus mixtus. The last segment is noticeably wider. To this it can be recognized.

Allygus modestus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Allygus modestus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Allygus modestus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae. Allygus modestus. Subfamily Deltocephalinae. Family Cicadellidae.

It looks like the Allygidius mixtus, but it has short diagonal  lines.  
Length 6 - 7,5 mm.

The nymphs feed on grasses. The adult cicada are found on deciduous trees. 

June - October.

Photos 9-7-2016.

Subfamily Idiocerinae.

Acericerus heydenii. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Acericerus heydenii. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Acericerus heydenii. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Acericerus heydenii. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Acericerus heydenii. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae.

The front wings are greyish brown, the veins are black and brown with white spots on it. On the back there is a bright spot.
It is larger and darker than the Acericerus vittifrons and A. ribauti.
Length 6 - 6.5 mm.
Host: Maple.
The adult cicada overwinters.

Photos 23-11-2011. 

Europe.

Idiocerus herrichii, Idiocerus herrichi. Subfamiy Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Idiocerus herrichii, Idiocerus herrichi. Subfamiy Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Idiocerus herrichii, Idiocerus herrichi. Subfamiy Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Not in the garden, but about 1 km from our home.

It looks like the Idiocerus lituratus. A pale midline of the pronotum and distinctive markings on the scutellum. 

Idiocerus herrichi can be found on willow (Salix alba and S. fragilis). Here on willow. 
They overwinter as adult cicada.
Length about 6 - 7 mm. 
Europe.

Photos 10-3-2014.

Populicerus populi. Subfamiy Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Populicerus populi. Subfamiy Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Populicerus populi. Subfamiy Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Not in our garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.  

A brown cicada with a yellow head and legs.
Cerus populi populi can be found on poplar (Populus sp.) Here on aspen (Populus tremula).
They overwinter as eggs.
June - October
Length of about 6 mm.
Europe, M. Asia, the Caucasus, Siberia, Central. Asia, East Asia and North Africa.

Photos 19-8-2013.

Viridicerus ustulatus. Old name Idiocerus ustulatus. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Viridicerus ustulatus. Old name Idiocerus ustulatus. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae. Viridicerus ustulatus. Old name Idiocerus ustulatus. Subfamily Idiocerinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A bright green cicada with a brown scutellum with two light spots, the inner margins of the transparent wings are brown.
It lives on poplar. These trees are not found in my garden, so I do not know what it eats in the garden.
All year. They overwinter in evergreen trees like yew.
Length about 4-5 mm. mm.

Europe. Photos 12-5-2015.

Subfamily Macropsinae.  .

Oncopsis spec. Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Oncopsis spec. Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Oncopsis spec. Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Oncopsis spec. Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae. Oncopsis spec. Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Oncopsis flavicollis and Oncopsis subangulata are quite similar and are quite variable as you can see in these pictures.
Both species can be found at birch.
Length 4.5 - 5.5 mm.
May - September.
But Oncopsis alni and Oncopsis tristis are also similar! It's very difficult to find the right species.
Photos 14-5-2011, 23-5-2011.

The nymphs are variable like the adults 
Oncopsis spec. larva Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae. Oncopsis spec. larva Subfamily Macropsinae. Family Cicadellidae. Photos 17-6-2012.

Subfamily Typhlocybinae. 

Tribe Dikraneurini.

Liguropia juniperi. Tribe Dikraneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Liguropia juniperi. Tribe Dikraneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Liguropia juniperi. Tribe Dikraneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A yellow-green cicada with whitish and bluish veins.
It feeds on cypresses.
It is originally from the Mediterranean region. Late 20th century, it has expanded to the north.
July - probably September.

Length 3 - 3,5 mm.

Photos 9-8-2016.

Tribus Empoascini.

Empoasca spec. Tribe Empoascini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Empoasca spec. Tribe Empoascini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Empoasca spec. Tribe Empoascini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

This cicada I often see in the yew hedge. There are different species of similar appearance. It looks darker green than in these pictures. On the head and pronotum are whitish markings.
I see them throughout the year.

Length 3- 4 mm.

Photos 11-10-2012.

Tribe Erythroneurini.

Arboridia. Tribe Erythroneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Arboridia. Tribe Erythroneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Arboridia. Tribe Erythroneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Arboridia. Tribe Erythroneurini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Arboridia parvula (2.5-3 mm) and Arboridia ribauti (3-3.5 mm) are both possible. Except for a slight difference in size, they look very much alike. A light yellow cicada with dark oblong spots. On the scutellum are two black spots. Two other similar species are Arboridia erecta and Arboridia velata
These cicadas I 've found on elm and maple.
Both species are found a large part of the year.

Photos 11-10-2016, 12-10-2016.

Tribus Typhlocybini.

Edwardsiana spec or Fagocyba spec. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Edwardsiana spec or Fagocyba spec. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Edwardsiana spec or Fagocyba spec. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Edwardsiana spec or Fagocyba spec. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

In September, October I see them on the leaves of the Japanse Cherry (Prunus serrulata). Almost under each leave, but I can’t find damage.
It's a mall cicada, about 3 - 4 mm.
On the photo left (2007) you see a psocoptera nymph too. 
There are many small yellow species and they are impossible to determine from a photo.
Photos 20-10-2007, 26-9-2012.

Edwardsiana spec. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Edwardsiana spec. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. 27-10-2016. Edwardsiana spec. on a rose. Name species isn't possible.

Eupteryx decemnotata. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Eupteryx decemnotata. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Eupteryx decemnotata Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Eupteryx decemnotata looks like the Eupteryx melissae, but it is smaller (about 1 mm). The dark spots on the vertex (top of head) are slightly different.
The cicada I have photographed was near Sage. One of its hosts.

April - October. The adult cicada overwinters.

Length 2 - 3 mm.

Photos 6-4-2013.

Eupteryx melissae. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Eupteryx melissae. Nymph. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Eupteryx melissae. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Eupteryx melissae. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Three years after I had photographed a Eupteryx decemnotoata I also found the Eupteryx melissae in the garden on Sage. The different form of the spots is clear. In other countries than the Netherlands there is also the very similar Eupteryx salviae.

On sage (Salvia). But also on other plants of the family Labiatae or  Lamiaceae). This year there were many cicadas on our sage.

May - October. The adult cicada overwinters.

Length 3 mm.

Photos 20-9-2016. A nymph in the last picture,.

Lindbergina aurovittata. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Lindbergina aurovittata. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

Lindbergina aurovittata. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Lindbergina aurovittata. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

A yellow-green cicada with light stripes. It looks Ribautiana tenerrima (with a dark border at the last, transparent part of the front wings) and Alebra albostriatella (small black spots on the hind shin). In deciduous trees. Especially (like this one) in oak.

August - November. 

Length 3 - 3,5 mm.

Photos 27-10-2016.

Ribautiana ulmi. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Ribautiana ulmi. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae. Ribautiana ulmi. Tribe Typhlocybini. Subfamily Typhlocybinae. Family Cicadellidae.

It is similar to Ribautiana ognevi, which also occurs on elm, but which hasn't been found in the Netherlands yet. A yellow-green cicada with a dark border at the last, transparent part of the front wings. The scutellum can also be darker than the cicada on this picture. It lives on elm, but it can also occur on other deciduous trees like oak, alder and hazel.

May - November. 

Length 3,5 - 4 mm.

Photos 11-10-2016.

Subfamily Ulopinae.  Sometimes classified as a separate family Ulopidae.

Heidecicade (Ulopa reticulata). Onderfamilie Ulopinae. Familie Cicadellidae. Sometimes classified as a separate family Ulopidae. Heidecicade (Ulopa reticulata). Onderfamilie Ulopinae. Familie Cicadellidae. Sometimes classified as a separate family Ulopidae. Heidecicade (Ulopa reticulata). Onderfamilie Ulopinae. Familie Cicadellidae. Sometimes classified as a separate family Ulopidae. Not in our garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home. 

The Ulopa reticulata  is brown and striking marked with two light bands on the wings. Sometimes, with a third band. It is only found on moorland. Both heather (Erica) and heather (Calluna)
The hind legs are not suitable to be able to jump, they can fly.
You can see them all year, but because of the small size and because they are in the heather plants, you don't see them during a walk.

Length 3 mm. 

Photos 4-5-2015.

Family Cixiidae.

Tachycixius pilosus. Family Cixiidae. Tachycixius pilosus. Family Cixiidae. Tachycixius pilosus. Family Cixiidae. Not in our garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home.  

Along the edge of the wing are three dark spots. At the top you see a dark spot. 
In deciduous trees and shrubs. The larva feeds on grasses. (at the base)

May - July. The adult cicada overwinters.

Length 4,5 - 5,5 mm.

Fotos 27-5-2013.

Family Issidae.

Issus coleoptratus. Famile Issidae.

Issus coleoptratus. Famile Issidae.

Issus coleoptratus. nymph Family Issidae.
Issus - nymph
5-5-2012

Issus coleoptratus. Famile Issidae. Issus coleoptratus. Family Issidae.

It can be found on woody plants and trees.
Characteristic are the many cross veins on the wings. They have a stocky body. Issus coleoptratus resembles the much rarer Issus muscaeformis. Here you can find the
differences between these two species.  
Length 3-4 mm.
June - November
The nymphs have a white 'tail' consisting of strands of wax that are secreted from special glands. The tail they can lose at catching.

Photo left: I saw  them, when I was pruning the holly. This issus I found on the honeysuckle, which grows near the holly. It was funny, I did not notice the nymph of the bug Campyloneura virgula (family Miridae) on the branch. 

Other photos: 15-6-2012, 25-6-2012.

German: Echte Käferzikade.  

I want to thank for the help: Harry de Koning, Henk Soepenberg and Marco de Haas.

More information about Cicadas.  A site which I've used for information about cicadas.

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