Blow-fly Calliphoridae


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Subpage flies:  Tachinidae   Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)   House flies (Muscidae)  Soldierflies (Stratiomyidae)  Root-Maggot Flies (Anthomyiidae)     Small flies   Gnats  

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                                           Blow-flies - Calliphoridae

Family Blowflies (Calliphoridae)
Blow-fly. In older English means blow meat. The blow-flies lay their eggs on it. Blowflies feed on nectar and other sweet liquids. Here you can find more information:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blow-fly

Most Blowfly larvae usually live in carrion or other decaying organic matter. 

 

Lucilia spec. Familie Vleesvliegen (Calliphoridae).

Lucilia spec. Familie Vleesvliegen (Calliphoridae).

Lucilia spec. Familie Vleesvliegen (Calliphoridae).

Lucilia spec. Familie Vleesvliegen (Calliphoridae).


Greenbottle. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

The name blow-fly comes from an older English term for meat that had eggs laid on it. Flies in this family are often metallic in appearance.
The
Greenbottle (Lucilia caesar) is common, but there are many very similar species. Greenbottles are found everywhere, on carrion, dung, but also on flowers.  The larvae feed on carrion and adults visit flowers for nectar.
It has a beautiful metallic bluish green colour.
This is the most widespread and common species. As always there are similar species.
Photos 5-5-2010, 4-10-2012, 4-7-2012,  9-10-2012.

Lucilia spec. Familie Vleesvliegen (Calliphoridae). Lucilias 8-8-2009.

Greenbottle. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). hairs Difference between Lucilia and some Muscidae.
The Lucilia on this picture and the large picture above are missing some hairs on the thorax (back). The thorax of the other Lucilia are quite hairy. You can see, that they are different species. But you still don't know the name.
If hairs are missing they can easily be confused with some flies of the family Muscidae, which also shiny green. Namely Eudasyphora and Neomyia.
I have drawn two red rectangles around the hairs of the Lucilia, you don't see on Eudasyphora and Neomyia. There are more differences, but this is a clear one.

 

Melinda spec. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Melinda spec. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Melinda spec. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Melinda spec. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)



In the Netherlands there are two species Melinda gentilis and Melinda viridicyanea.
A much smaller member of the family. Here you see it on a daisy and celandine. Early April there are already many flies in the garden.
It shines beautifully.
The larvae are parasites on snails.

Photos April, May 2012.

In the Netherlands there are three species of Calliphora: Calliphora vicina, Calliphora vomitoria and Calliphora Loewi
Calliphora Loewi, the lower calypter (a membranous flap located at the base of the wing) slightly brown, dark gena (the sides of the head), abdomen with some spots on it / blotchy

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vicina). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vicina). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vicina). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vicina). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vicina). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Everyone knows the bluebottle. It's a beautiful fly (I think) because of metallic blue-gray coloration. The Calliphora vicina  has  bright orange cheeks. That's different from the Calliphora vomitoria. 
This bottlefly lays its white eggs on a variety of  bait. 
Length 8-12 mm. March - November. 
Calliphora
vicina are found throughout Europe and the U.S.A.

Photos 27-3-2012, 11-4-2012

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vomitoria). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

The Calliphora vomitoria hasn't  the bright orange cheeks.
Under the head it has golden hears. Also behind the head, but that is difficult to see on this photo.
This bottlefly lays its white eggs on a variety of  bait. 
Not as common as the
Blue bottle fly (Calliphora vicina)
Length 8-12 mm. 
March-November.

Photos 15-9-2012, 18-8-2010.   

 

 

Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Group.Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae) Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

When the spring flowers appear, you will see this fly.
They belong to the genus Pollenia. Identification of Pollenia species is mostly only possible under the microscope
They have short golden hairs on their body. (not always visible)      Length about 7 mm.
The eggs are deposited on the soil near earthworms on which the larvae parasitize. I do not know that applies to all species.
Here are some pictures of Pollenia's with golden hairs, which are clearly visible.
I see them often in a group sitting in the sun with their heads turned towards the same direction.

Photos March 2012, 11-07-2010.   

Group. Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

 

 

Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae) Cluster flies (Pollenia) Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

In these pictures the hairs are less visible. 
Species in the Netherlands are: Pollenia amentaria, Pollenia angustigena, Pollenia atramentaria, Pollenia griseotomentosa, Pollenia labialis, Pollenia pediculata, Pollenia rudis, Pollenia vagabunda, Pollenia viatica. 

Photos March 2012.

 

 

Protocalliphora azurea. female Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

 

Protocalliphora azurea. female Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).


Protocalliphora azurea.
Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

The female has shiny green abdomen. The thorax is shiny green gray with stripes.
The male is shiny blue.
The larvae of these Protocalliphora live in nests of birds and are parasites of young birds.

Photos 30-6-2012.

Protocalliphora azurea. male Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Protocalliphora azurea. male Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).  Male 12-8-2014.

 

Stomorhina lunata  Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)

Stomorhina lunata. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Stomorhina lunata Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae) Stomorhina lunata. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

The fly, like a gadfly horizontal bands on the eyes. On the abdomen, it  has two bands.
Apparently it is parasitic on grasshoppers. In Africa on the harmful African grasshoppers. The larvae eat the eggs.
Size: about 9 mm.

Europe, Africa, Middle East, North America. (Originally from Africa and the Mediterranean region)

Photos 3-7-2011, 11-8-2013.

 

 

Melanomya nana. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Melanomya nana. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Melanomya nana. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Melanomya nana. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Until recently, Melanomya was counted to the family Rhinophoridae. Stéphane thanks for identify my fly.

A very small fly. About 3-4 mm. On these photos it is sitting on a Lady's mantle.

Photos 29-5-2010, male

Melanomya nana. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Melanomya nana. Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Female 24-7-2017.

 

Fly of the death (Cynomya mortuorum). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).  

Fly of the death (Cynomya mortuorum). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).

Fly of the death (Cynomya mortuorum). Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae).



Fly of the death (Cynomya mortuorum).
Family Blow-flies (Calliphoridae). Not in the garden, but in the dunes about 4 km from our home. 

The abdomen is blue green with a metallic sheen. The light yellow with orange face is very striking. The eggs are laid on dead animals. Length 8 - 15 mm.
Europe, Asia, North America.

Photos 27-5-2014.  German: Totenfliege.

A beautiful site with much information:   The Garden Safari
Informatie about flies:  http://www.diptera.info/news.php
Informatie about wasps and bees:  http://www.forum.hymis.de

I want to thank everyone, who has helped me (waarneming.nl) to identify. In particular, Joke van Erkelens, Robert Heemskerk, Mark van Veen, Gerard Pennard and Han Endt.

 

Nederlands / Dutch                                                                                          

English!!  Garden, plants:    Animals, insects in the garden:               Dutch dunes, countries:  
garden
spring
spring'07
summer
summerflowers
weeds
autumn
winter
houseplants
euphorbia
links
 
animals/links
spiders
butterflies
dragonflies
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hoverflies/1
hoverflies/2
wasps/bees
beetles
bugs
Insects other
 
dunes
Australia
England1        2 
France1          2     3
Ireland
Italy
Scotland
Spain
Czechia
Croatia
 
 

Subpage flies:  Tachinidae   Blow-flies (Calliphoridae)   House flies (Muscidae)  Soldierflies (Stratiomyidae)  Root-Maggot Flies (Anthomyiidae)    Small flies   Gnats             
Subpage wasps, bees, bumblebees: Parasitica, Ichneumonidae   Sawflies symphyta    Bumblebees   Bee hotel    

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